Classification Of Motor Skills

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Gross Skills
Invlove large muscle movements where there is little concern for precision. Eg. running, swimming
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Fine Skills
Involves more intricate movements using small muscle groups. They usually involve accuracy and emphasise hand eye co-ordination. Eg. wrist/finger action of a spin bowler in cricket.
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Open Skills
Involve movement skills that are affected by the environment. Predominantly perceptual and involve decision making. Movements have to be adapted to suit the situation. They are generally externally paced. Eg. receiving a pass in football game
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Closed Skills
Are movement skills that are not affected by the environment. Habitual, self paced with the performer knowing excatly what they have to do. Eg. tennis server
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Discrete Skills
Are movement skills that have a clear beginning and a clear end. Eg. a penalty in football
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Serial Skills
Are movement skills that have a number of discrete elements that are put together in a definite order to make a movement or sequence
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Continuous Skills
Are movement skills that have no definite beginning or end. The end of one cycle of the movement is that start of the next. Eg. cycling, running
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Self ( internally ) paced
The performer determines when the movement skill starts together with the rate at which it proceeds. Are normally closed skills Eg. tennis serve
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Externally paced
The control of the movement skill is not determined by the performer but by the environment. They are normally open skills. Eg: receiving a pass in football
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Simple Skills
Low levels of precptual load, decision making. Performers would have little information to process and few decisions to make, as well as a small number of sub-routines in which the speed and timing would not be critical.
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Complex Skills
Performers will have a high precputal load lading to many decisions which have to be made. The skill will have many sub-routines where speed and timing are critical. Use of feedback. Eg: tennis serve
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Low organisation skills
Are made up of sub-routines that are easily separated and practiced by themselves. Eg. tennis serve, swimming strokes
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High Organisation Skills
Are movement skills where sub-routines are very closely linked together and very difficult to sperate without disrupting the skills. Eg: golf swing
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Involves more intricate movements using small muscle groups. They usually involve accuracy and emphasise hand eye co-ordination. Eg. wrist/finger action of a spin bowler in cricket.

Back

Fine Skills

Card 3

Front

Involve movement skills that are affected by the environment. Predominantly perceptual and involve decision making. Movements have to be adapted to suit the situation. They are generally externally paced. Eg. receiving a pass in football game

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Are movement skills that are not affected by the environment. Habitual, self paced with the performer knowing excatly what they have to do. Eg. tennis server

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Are movement skills that have a clear beginning and a clear end. Eg. a penalty in football

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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