CHINA TIMELINE CARDS

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1931
Capital city - Nanjing, a Provisional Committe was drawn up, Japan was in control of Manchuria
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1933 (AUTUMN)
Chiang's fifth and final extermination campaign
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1934 October 16th
87,000 soldiers set out of Otto Brauns Red Army retreat
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1935 9th January
Leaders of CCP gave control of army to Mao Zedong and Zhu De
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1936 December
Xian Incident
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7th July 1937
Marco Polo Bridge incident sparked start of Sino-Japanese war
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August 1937
Japanese attack Shanghai when the Chinese boycott Japanese goods
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1937
The GMD and CCP form the Second United Front
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1938 January
Japanese capture Chinese capital Nanjing. Chiang moves capital to Wuhan
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1938 October
Japanese capture Chinese capital Wuhan. Chiang moves capital to Yangzi
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1940 August
CCP launch Hundred Regiments Offensive against Japanese. CCP seen as 'true nationalist party', however, extent of CCP power was exposed, and Japanese launched the three alls: 'Kill all, burn all, loot all' - CCP lost 22,000, Japanese lost 3-4,000
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1941 January
GMD attack CCP forces in New Fourth Army Incident - broke Second United Front
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1941 December
Japan attack USA Pearl Harbour. USA entered WW2, pledging to assist China in defeating Japan
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1943 November
Chaing Kai-shek attends allied conference in Cairo
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1944 April
Japanese Ihigo Offensive to capture USA bases in China. NRA refused to move forces to fight Japanese, instead blockaded CCP in the South
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1945 August
Japanese surrendered (Nagasaki and Hiroshima)
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1945 October
Mao Zedong agrees principles of peace agreements with Chiang Kai-shek
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1945 December
Fighting becomes more widespread and more serious
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1946
Breakdown of CCP/GMD peace agreements
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1946 (Spring)
Fighting had begun in Manchuria
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1946 April
Last Soviet troops retreat from Manchuria
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1946 June
Marshall threatens to withhold American aid to GMD. Chiang signs ceasefire agreement - lasts 15 days
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1946 July
Ceasefire breaksdown - Civil war begins in earnest
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1947 January
USA end Marshall mission
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1948
CCP forces capture Manchuria
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1949 January
CCP capture Beijing
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1949 April
PLA capture Nanjing
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1949 May
PLA capture Shanghai
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1949 October
PLA capture Gangzhou
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1st October 1949
Mao declares People's Republic of China (states aims to 'liberate' Taiwan and Tibet)
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1949 December
Mao visits Stalin in Moscow
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Late 1949
Plans to invade and 'liberate' Taiwan fail, US seventh fleet patrol Taiwan coast to prevent Communist invasion
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1950
CCP membership reached 5,821,604
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1950 February
Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assisstance signed by Mao and Stalin
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1950 June
Agrarian reform law (land reform began)
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1950 June
North Korea invades South Korea and Korean war begins
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1950 October
Start of Chinese involvement in Korean War
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1950 October
Launch of the 'Resist America and aid Korea' campaign
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1950 October
PLA enter Tibet and defeat Tibetan forces
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1951 February
Launch of 'Supression of Counter-revolutionaries' campaign (1950-51)
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1951 September
Launch of 'Thought Reform' campaign (1951-52)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Chiang's fifth and final extermination campaign

Back

1933 (AUTUMN)

Card 3

Front

87,000 soldiers set out of Otto Brauns Red Army retreat

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Leaders of CCP gave control of army to Mao Zedong and Zhu De

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Xian Incident

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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