China- Bullet point 1

When was the Civil War?
1946-1949
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Who was it between? What is the name of the leader?
Nationalists (Chiang Kai-Shek) and Communist
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How many people had died after WW2 and civil war?
20 million
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What was the percentage of hyperinflation?
100%
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Which area was the most advance in terms of industry?
Manchuria
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What percentage was industrial output?
25% pre- war level
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What percentage lower was food production than pre-war?
30% lower
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In 1949, what percentage was factory output compared to 1937?
44%
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What percentage of the population are peasants?
80%
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How many lives had peasants claimed?
2- 3 million lives
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What percentage of railway network had been destroyed?
50%
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What had been a tactic of the Communists during the civil war?
To blow up railway tracks and bridges
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What was Peng in charge of?
The PLA, party grew to 5.8 million by the end of 1950
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What is the 'Danwei'?
Work units
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What are the three parallel strands of the communist party?
PLA, bureaucracy and CP
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What happened in the 1949 Chinese People's political constitute conference?
They created and formed the new government but also created the 'common programme' which set out a range of rights
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How many members did the CPPCC have?
14 members but within that there was the 'Standing Committee' made up of 5
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What did the number of state official increase from in 1949 to 1959?
720,000 to 7.9 million
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Who was state bureaucracy headed by?
Zhou as he held the post of prime minister and foreign minister
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When was the conscription law for the PLA introduced? How man new recruits were introduced?
1955 and 800,000 new recruits
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What is a famous quotation from Mao?
'All political power lies in the barallel of a gun'
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How many different sections was the PRC divided into?
6
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What are the six aspects of Mao Zedong thought?
Self-reliance, learning from people, mass mobilisation, contributing revolution, primacy of peasants and struggle meetings
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What is a term used to describe what the party was meant to be like?
Democratic centralisation
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What year was Tibet an independent country? Why did Mao want Tibet?
1913 as it was a 'corridor' to the Western world
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What year were the PLA sent into TIbet? What year did the Dalai Lama flee Tibet?
1950 and 1959.
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What were the three areas for the re-unification campaign?
Tibet, Guangdong and Xinjiang
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How many people were executed in Guangdong?
Estimated 28,000 people died
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What was the ethnic group in Xinjiang? What percentage of the population were this?
Uighurs and 80%
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How many PLA troops were sent in to face how many Muslim cavalry?
150,000 troops and 40,000 Muslim cavalry
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What was the subtitle of the Laogai? What percentage of prisoners were political?
'Reform through labour' and 90%
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By the start of 1953, how many prisoners were there there?
More than 1.3 million
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How is it described as? What was it inspired by?
A carefully orchestrated Auschwitz of the mind and Stalin's gulags
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In Mao's reign, what is the estimated number of people that were sent there?
25 million
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What did the Head of Public Secretary Bureau say about it?
That 'it is better for inmates to die than to flee'
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What were some of the jobs that they were expected to do?
Clear malaria swamps, uranium mines and brick factories
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When was the 3 antis campaign? What did Mao call it?
Between 51-52, 'big clean up throughout the party'
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What were the three antis? Who was it led by? What did he boast about?
Corruption, waste and delay. Bo Yobo, and that he had found 100,000 flies/ tigers
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What was the public's reaction?
Quickly became clear that it was supported by the public
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When was the 5 antis campaign? Who are the targets?
Between Feb and May 1952. Bourgeoisie managers/ business people
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How many people were shot, put in a labour camp or fired?
1% shot, 1% went to labour camps and 3% were fired
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Which area bore the brunt of it?
Shanghai
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When was the 100 flowers campaign?
Launched 2nd May 1956 and ended June 1957, 'let a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools of thought contend'
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Who was the campaign prompted by? What did Mao say about it?
Zhou Enlai, 'if they have something to fart about let them fart'
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When was the Anti-rightist campaign? What did it do?
Released the same year and rounded up all those who took part in the 100 flowers campaign
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What are 'poisonous weeds'? What quotas were cadres given?
Those who needed to be rooted out of society. Quota of 5% of people in the Danwei
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What did a famous Chinese novelist say?
'Gradually only two things became important in my life, eating grass soup and breathing'
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How many intellectuals are it estimated that were purged?
Between 400,000- 700,000 intellectuals
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When was the Korean War?
June 1950, North Korean leader Kim 2 Jung launched an attack
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What was the campaign that was released?
'Resist America Aid Korea campaign'
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What were American's described as?
Bandits, savages and murderers
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How many people died in the Korean War?
400,000
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What percentage of government spending could Mao pass?
5%
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What percentage of Government spending went on the Korean War?
55%
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What tactic was used? What percentage of people were in poverty in Manchuria?
The Human wave tactic and a 1/3
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What is 'limonski'?
A Russian word used for yellow skinned people
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What is the fraction of salary that went to the war? What is the word for this?
Coercion and a 1/3
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who was it between? What is the name of the leader?

Back

Nationalists (Chiang Kai-Shek) and Communist

Card 3

Front

How many people had died after WW2 and civil war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the percentage of hyperinflation?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which area was the most advance in terms of industry?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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