Reasons for the Sino Soviet Split Updated

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  • Created on: 01-06-14 13:26
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CAUSES OF THE SINO SOVIET SPLIT
Personality
· Khrushchev- loud and brash
· Mao- quieter, and used "flowery" language which Khrushchev
didn't understand
· Had different characterestics
· There was culture clash between them
· K and M personally did not like each other
· China did not trust USSR
· They did not hide their dislike
· 1957 Moscow Trip- Mao criticised Russian culture
· Also on this trip- Khrushchev was bugging Mao's room and
discovered that he criticised him in private
· 1953- Mao claimed to be the "elder statesmen" of
communism following Stalin's death- angered Khrushchev
· Khrushchev called Mao an "old boot"- translation problems
led them to think it was "whore"
· Khrushchev's memoirs: "The trouble with Mao was he
refused to consider anyone his equal"
· "The personalities of communist leaders, like the accidents of
history, play a major and often decisive role"- Griffiths
· However, personality is not the main reason- SS relationship
did not improve after Khrushchev was ousted- the most
dangerous point in SS relations occurred after
Khrushchev/Mao time- 1969 and Ussuri clashes
· "the death of such leaders as Mao and Khrushchev ultimately
had little impact on the main lines of the Sino-Soviet
relationship"- Yan Mei
Nuclear weapons
· 1953- China developing an atomic bomb
· 1957- USSR agree to help China in this- gives samples
· 1959- Moscow go back on their word
· 196- Moscow removes all advisors- fears China will
overtake- they are now rivals
· 1964- China finally develops their own A bomb
· 1967- Develops a H bomb
· K- wanted to nuke China to stop their capabilities- led to
building of an underground city in Beijing for fear of Soviet
attack
· They had disagreements over the role of nuclear weapons in
spreading communism

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China- refuses to sign the Test Ban Treaty in 1963-
consequences too expensive
· USSR thought Mao was too aggressive and would destroy
world with nuclear weapons- "if half the world is destroyed
the half that survives will be the socialists"- aggressive
· CIA- 1 in 3 chance of Soviets bombing China
Territories
· Beijing- wanted Siberia
· Also wanted Mongolia- denied under Treaty of Friendship
("The Soviet Union placed Mongolia under its control- Mao)
· Wanted parts of central Asia
· Mao critical of…read more

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USSR began see Mao and China as similar to Tito and
Yugoslavia
· Mao against K's peaceful co existence- wants confrontation,
not co existence
· "The gun is the source of power"- Mao wants armed
revolutions to spread communism
· Mao- believes he is giving into Western imperialism by co
existing
· 20 CPSU- Destalinsation speech by Khrushchev- disagreed
th
fundamentally; wanted concessions from the West
· Mao sees it as attack on himself- scared of revision and
China defends Stalin- he respected Stalin, not…read more

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USSR also gave to China
caused tensions; as they had pay everything back on high
interest, plus Poland, a smaller country then China, had just
received $450 million in credits, and on much better terms.
China felt this was vastly unfair. Further, although China
received sovereignty over Manchuria, non Soviets were not
allowed to enter, which meant that Soviets were likely to
exploit it for themselves.…read more

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