Catholic beliefs (Mid-Tudor Crises)

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What is the belief of transubstantiation?
At the mass, although outwardly appearing the same, actually became the body and blood of Christ. This was a Catholic belief.
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What did Catholics think about monasteries?
They were valuable, providing places of prayer, centres of charity, education and care.
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Who did Catholics belief should receive both the bread and the wine?
Only the priest should receive both the bread and the wine, the congregation only received bread.
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How did Catholics believe priests should live?
They believed that priests could not marry and should remain celibate.
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Who did Catholics believe was the head of the Church?
The Pope
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What did Catholics consider the value of images of saints to be?
Churches contained many images of saints and people addressed prayers to them.
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What did Catholics belief Holy Days were for?
Days of work to celebrate the festivals of saints.
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What did Catholics think about pilgrimages?
People should undertake pilgrimages (journeys to places of religious significance) as this would help them get to heaven.
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What did Catholics think that building special chapels (known as chantries) would achieve?
They believed that souls spent less time in purgatory if people prayed for them. Chantries were built so that masses could be said for them after their death.
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What was the Catholic belief of purgatory?
There was a "halfway house" between hell and heaven known as purgatory. In order to be purged of their sins (committed on earth), souls of the dead would spend time in purgatory, depending on how great their sins were.
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What did Catholics belief people could do in order to avoid going to hell?
They believed that people needed to perform "good works".
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Which language did Catholics belief the priest should carry out mass (most important service) in?
Latin
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When were Catholics expected to attend church to hear the mass?
they were expected to attend every Sunday and on Holy Days.
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What did Catholics consider to be the most important part of the service?
The Eucharist, when the priest said prayers over the bread and wine.
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What were relics? What was their significance within the Catholic Church?
Relics were religious objects such as bones of saints or pieces of the cross. Religious centres often had collections of these objects and people made pilgrimage to pray at them.
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How many sacraments were there which gave the receiver special grace?
There were seven sacraments which gave the receiver special grace: Eucharist, Baptism,Conformation,Marriage,Penance,Holy Orders (for someone who was becoming a priest and Extreme Unction (for people who were dying).
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What did Catholics believe happened to the soul after death?
After death, a person's soul might go to heaven or hell for eternity. They could only go to heaven if they were free from sin but most people had committed some sins so would go to purgatory.
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What did the inside of a Catholic church look like?
Stained glass windows, wall paintings, cross with statues of St. John/ Mary.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Catholics think about monasteries?

Back

They were valuable, providing places of prayer, centres of charity, education and care.

Card 3

Front

Who did Catholics belief should receive both the bread and the wine?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did Catholics believe priests should live?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who did Catholics believe was the head of the Church?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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