British History - Impacts of war 1914-1922

Conscription
A goverment policy making it compulsory for men to join the military forces
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Shell Shortage
The crisis in production of ammunition, which was being used in massive quantities on the Western Front; politicians and military men were blamed for the shortages
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Western Front
A line formed from Belgium to Switzerland where the German advance was halted in 1914 and where boths sides dug down to make trenches. Most of the land fighting for Britain and France took place on the Western Front
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Munitions
Weapons and ammunition needed for the Armed Forces
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Coalition
Several poltical parties working together to form a government
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Total War
When government uses all military, economic and human resources available to attempt to win a war
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Maurice Debate February, 1918
This arose out of a letter to the Times newspaper by General Maurice, the former director of the Military Operations, claiming that the government had lied about the strength of the British army in France in 1918. This came at a time when the German
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Maurice Debate continued
forces seemed about to break the Allied lines. Its real importance, however was that it divided the Liberal party in the government
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The crisis of 1916
The government experienced a number of setbacks in 1916. There was the Easter Rising of Irish Republicans in Dublin, the failure of the navy to defeat the German battle fleet in the inconclusive naval Battle of Jutland, and the terrible casualties
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The crisis of 1916 continued
suffered by British forces in the Battle of the Somme, as Britain tried to relieve the pressure on their French allies on the Western Front. At this battle, there were nearly 60,000 British casualties on the first day. These events further destroyed
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The crisis of 1916 continued
destroyed confidence in Asquith.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The crisis in production of ammunition, which was being used in massive quantities on the Western Front; politicians and military men were blamed for the shortages

Back

Shell Shortage

Card 3

Front

A line formed from Belgium to Switzerland where the German advance was halted in 1914 and where boths sides dug down to make trenches. Most of the land fighting for Britain and France took place on the Western Front

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Weapons and ammunition needed for the Armed Forces

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Several poltical parties working together to form a government

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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