Britain and the Nationalist Challenge in India 1900-1919

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What is the name of the highest Hindu caste?
Brahmen
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What percent of the Indian population in 1900 were Hindu?
About 70%
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The opening of [what] in 1869 helped trade greatly between India and Britain?
The Suez Canal
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What is Simla?
A place at the foothills of the Himalayas where British people moved to in the hot season. It was much cooler than the rest of India and remote.
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What was the outcome of the partition of Bengal, 1905?
Hindus immediately opposed it, as it would create a Muslim-dominated province. There was a boycott of British goods and unrest ranging from passive aggression to extreme violence.
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Why did Lord Curzon resign as Viceroy?
Because his commander-in-chief, Lord Kitchner, vetoed Curzon's choice of candidate for the position of 'military supply member'.
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Why was it originally difficult for Indians to be part of the ICS?
Because they would have to travel to London to take the test.
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What percent of the sub-continent was ruled by Princes?
About 35%
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What was the significance of the Simla Deputation?
Muslims - who felt that they were poorly treated in the Hindu-dominated society - were assured that their interests would be safeguarded, so long as Lord Minto was involved in the administrative organisation.
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What was announced during the durbar in 1911?
The reunification of Bengal.
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Did Indians support Britain in WW1?
Yes. It was met with instant loyalty, even from the extremist factions, such as shown by Bal Tilak.
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What did the Princely states provide Britain in the war?
27 of the largest Princely states put their troops at the Viceroy's disposal and a hospital ship, The Loyalty, was commissioned, fully fitted and provisioned by the Princes.
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Why did religion become a problem in the war?
Because the British were at war with Turkey - a Muslim power. There were at least 3 mutinies of Muslim troops and there were desertions from the Muslim units of the Western Front.
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By December, 1919, how many Indians had been recruited to help in the war?
1.5 million.
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What did Lord Montagu declare in 1917?
That they were gradually working towards Indian self-government within the British Empire.
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What is the name of the system decided upon in the Government of India Act of 1919 (Montagu-Chelmsford Report)
Dyarchy.
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What did the Rowlatt Acts do?
Enforced wartime controls.
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Where did the massacre take place in 1919?
Jallianwala Bagh
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What was the Crawling Order?
Any Indian who wanted to pass through the lane where Marcia Sherwood was assaulted was made to crawl on all fours.
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Who were the Hunter Committee and what was their judgement?
A group of men instructed by Lord Montagu to look into the Amritsar massacre. They censured Dyer and he was forced to resign and go back to Britain.
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Card 2

Front

What percent of the Indian population in 1900 were Hindu?

Back

About 70%

Card 3

Front

The opening of [what] in 1869 helped trade greatly between India and Britain?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Simla?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the outcome of the partition of Bengal, 1905?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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