Concessions in india 1900-1919

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  • Concessions in India 1900-1919
    • 1909 Indian Councils Act (Morley-Minto reforms)
      • Who?     Viceroy Morley Minto and Lord John Morley Secretary of State of India
      • Why? Backlash following Lord Curzon's partition of Bengal had spread causing civil unrest. Denzil Ibbetson (Lieutanant General of the Punjab) feared a mutiny similar to the Indian mutiny.
      • What? Seperate electorates to protect Muslim minority and 60 Indians were to be elected to the Viceroy's executive council with reserved seats for Muslims
      • Indians voice being heard for the first time
    • 1919 Government of India Act
      • Who?       Edwin Montague (Secretary of State)  and Lord Chelmsford (Viceroy)
      • What? Proposals for eventual self government Viceroy to be advised by civilians council Provincial councils given control over education, health, public works Franchise extended Councils enlarged Reserved seats in all religions DYARCHY
      • Consequence?              House of Commons Left-> protests that the reforms had not gone far enough     Right -> MP's convinced G'ment was losing its nerve
        • Indians welcomed act even though it didn't offer immediate self government
          • Some Indians hoping for home rule were disappointed and violence occurred in the Punjab
            • Consequence?              House of Commons Left-> protests that the reforms had not gone far enough     Right -> MP's convinced G'ment was losing its nerve
              • Indians welcomed act even though it didn't offer immediate self government
                • Some Indians hoping for home rule were disappointed and violence occurred in the Punjab
      • Rowlatt Acts March 1919
        • Who? Scottish judge Mr Rowlatt
        • Why? To crush Indian opposition to British. Fear of violence and rioting
        • What? Isolation of Bengal, Bombay and Punjab. Old wartime controls used to contain the situation. -> imprisonment without trial, trial by judges without jury, house arrests, censorship
        • Consequence? All Indian members on Legislative Council opposed
          • Acts suggested the British had no intention on loosening grip on India

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