Biochem - Carbs

Alpha Glucose
Six carbon ring (Hexose) with the OH group below C1
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Beta Glucose
Six carbone ring (hexose) with OH group above C1
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Fructose
Soluble pentose (6 C's), soluble in fruit nectar.
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Galactose
Insoluble Hexose with an OH above C4
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Ribose/deoxyribose
Pentoses (5 C's),
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Sucrose
Disaccharide - Alpha glucose + fructose, formed condensation reaction
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Maltose
Disaccharide - Two alpha glucose, formed condensation reaction
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Lactose
Disaccharide - beta glucose + galactose, formed condensation reaction
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Starch
Polysaccharide, joined in condensation and joined by glycosidic bonds (C1-4). HELICAL. Amylose and amylopectin.
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Glycogen
Polysaccharide, joined in condensation by glycosidic bonds (C1-4 & 1-6). BRANCHED.
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Cellulose/ Chitin
Flipped molecules of Beta glucose form in condensation reaction with C1-4 glycosides bonds.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Six carbone ring (hexose) with OH group above C1

Back

Beta Glucose

Card 3

Front

Soluble pentose (6 C's), soluble in fruit nectar.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Insoluble Hexose with an OH above C4

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Pentoses (5 C's),

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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