B1 - Keeping Healthy Key Words

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  • Created by: 11jc01
  • Created on: 30-03-16 19:34
Malnourished
Suffering from a lack of essential food nutrients
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Obesity
The condition of being very overweight
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Deficiency Disease
A disease caused by the lack of an essential element in the diet
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Metabolic Rate
The rate at which an animal uses energy over a given period of time
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Cholesterol
A fatty substance that is found in all cells of the body
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Infectious
A disease that is easily passed through air, water, etc.
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Pathogen
A disease causing microorganism
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Bacteria
A single-celled microorganism that has no nuleus
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Toxin
A poison produced by a living organism
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Antibody
A protein produced in the body by the immune system to kill particular pathogens
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Vaccine
A liquid preparation containing inactive or dead pathogens, used to make the body produce antibodies to provide protection against disease
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Semmelweiss
A doctor who recognised the importance of good hygiene in hospitals
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Antibiotic
Medication used to kill bacterial pathogens inside the body
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MRSA
Aka Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. An antibiotic resistant bacterium; a 'superbug'
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Mutation
A spontaneous change in the genetic material of a cell
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Sterilisation
Making something free from all microorganisms
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Culture Medium
A substance that provides the nutrients for the artificial growth of bacteria and other cells
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Incubated
To grow under conditions that encourage development, e.g. to grow microorganisms in a laboratory under contolled conditions
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The condition of being very overweight

Back

Obesity

Card 3

Front

A disease caused by the lack of an essential element in the diet

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The rate at which an animal uses energy over a given period of time

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A fatty substance that is found in all cells of the body

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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