1. How important was Muslim unity in failure of 3rd Crusade? Example
- discovery of the Holy lance raised morale
- Got tricked by the Muslims – greedy, mostly died
- Saladin’s armies were failing him.Less trust. Finances running low
- Byzantine government representative, provided guides until Antioch.
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2. How far was failure due to lack of manpower?
- withdrew February, June – withdrew!
- makes leading lords swear oath of loyalty to him
- Didn’t think he could hold Jerusalem with the amount
- “Stand fast together, trusting in Christ and victory of Holy Cross” motto
3. What evidence is there that the 3rd Crusade was a failure? Example
- Siege of Jerusalem: succeeded in dismantling seige towers
- Close co-operation between Greeks and crusaders
- Agreement of crown of Jerusalem didn’t work.Conrad assassinated
- Ever since death of prophet Muhammad, there was a split in religion
4. How successful was King Richard in achieving his objectives?
- Pilgrims were allowed to enter Jerusalem – Treaty of Jaffa
- brother of King of France.
- close friend+keen supporter of pope.
- wife deeply religious.She made him go.
5. How important was divided leadership in the 3rd Crusade?
- Crusaders younger sons who wouldn’t inherit family land went
- Richard attacked the town Phillip was staying in
- Reform movement, areas in France Pope visited
- Pope described Jerusalem as “the land of milk and honey”