AS psychology OCR

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  • Created by: Michelle
  • Created on: 04-06-13 13:05
What are the 5 approaches?
Cognitive, development, physiological, social and individual differences
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Describe the cognitive approach
Mental processes such as memory, perception, thinking, reasoning, problem-solving and language
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Give the 3 studies that use a cognitive approach
Loftus and Palmer, Baron-Cohen, Savage - Rumbaugh
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Describe the development approach
Considers a range of changes that occur throughout our lives
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Give the 3 studies that use a development approach
Freud, Samuel and Bryant, Bandura Ross & Ross
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Describe the physiological approach
Considers the extent to which behaviour and experience are determined by our biology
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Give the 3 studies that use a physiological approach
Maguire, Dement & Kleitman, and Sperry
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Describe the social approach
Looks at a range of behaviours that occur between people or groups of people
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Give 3 studies that use the social approach
Milgram, Reicher & Hasam and Pivilian
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Describe the individual difference approach
Looks at the differences between people, whereas the other approaches tend to look at factors that are common to all people
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Give 3 studies that use the individual difference approach
Rosenhan, Thigpen & Cleckley and Griffuths
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What are the perspectives?
Behaviourist and psychodynamic
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Describe the behaviourist perspective
Assumes that all behavour is learned, a person is described as a 'blank sheet' at birth, then their environment determines who they will become
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Describe the psychodynamic perspective
Emotional or psychological disturbances could produce physical effects
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What are the methods?
Lab, correlation, case study, self report and observation
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What are the evaluation issues?
Ecological validity, application to everyday life, sample (representative etc), ethics, nature-nurture, individual vs situational explanations, reliability, validity, qualitative & quantitative measures, control, reductionism and determinism
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Describe the ethcs
Was anyone harmed? should the researcher conducted this piece of research? costs of research?
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What are the general issues?
Consent, deception, debriefing, withdrawal, confidentiality,protection of partcipants
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What are the 3 experimental designs?
Repeated, matched pairs and independent method
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What are the 3 sampling methods?
Opportunity, volunteer and random
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Card 2

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Describe the cognitive approach

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Mental processes such as memory, perception, thinking, reasoning, problem-solving and language

Card 3

Front

Give the 3 studies that use a cognitive approach

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe the development approach

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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Give the 3 studies that use a development approach

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Comments

Izzy Mason

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Sorry but this is not that helpful. No-one needs to revise which studies are in each approach. The 2 stars are for the end stuff.

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