AS Key Terms Government & Politics, Unit 2, Topic 2 (Legislature) AQA

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Legislature
Branch of governing system that is empowered to make law through the formal enactment of legislation
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Green Paper
Document laid before the House by a minister setting out policy options
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White Paper
Document issued by a minister setting out proposals, prior to the introduction of a bill
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Unicameral
Legislative assembly with one chamber
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Bicameral
Legislative assembly with two chambers
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Parliamentary system
System of gov't in which exec. is drawn from legislature and accountable to it (fuses legis. and exec.)
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Presidential system
System of gov't in which exec. authority is concentrated in hands of a President, office is separated politically and constitutionally from legislature. (USA)
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Pairing arrangement
Agreement between two MPs of opposing parties not to vote in a division, giving both opportunity to abstain from parliamentary proceedings
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Recall
Process whereby electorate can call unsatisfactory public officials to account and ultimately remove them
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Early Day Motion
Requests for debates on topics 'on an early day' which in most cases never comes; serves the purpose of drawing an attention to an issue
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Career politicians
Individuals committed to politics who regard it as their vocation and have little practical experience outside the political world
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Urgent Questions
Questions of an urgent nature which MPs may ask of the gov't without prior notice
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Frontbencher
Members of the Cabinet and Shadow Cabinet who traditionally sit on the front benches of the Commons
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Backbencher
MPs who are not members of the Cabinet/Shadow, traditionally sit on the back benches of Commons
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Party Whip
Party officials who manage MPs from their party on behalf of the leadership in order to maintain unity
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Departmental Select Committee
Permanent committees of the House of Commons responsible for scrutinising the role of policy, expenditure and administration of the department they oversee
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Public Bill Committee
Temporary committees of the House of Commons which scrutinise and amend details of bills, clause by clause
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Speaker of the House
Non-partisan officer of H of Cs, presides over debates, determines which members may speak and responsible for maintaining order
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Public Accounts Committee
H of C's committee that examines public expenditure granted by Parl.
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Liaison Committee
H of C's committee consisting of the chairmen of departmental select committees, considers general matters pertaining to the work of DSCs
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Document laid before the House by a minister setting out policy options

Back

Green Paper

Card 3

Front

Document issued by a minister setting out proposals, prior to the introduction of a bill

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Legislative assembly with one chamber

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Legislative assembly with two chambers

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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