AS Government and Politics GOVP2 Revision Guide (AQA)

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AS Government and Politics GOVP2 Revision Guide (AQA)
What are the advantages and disadvantages of a codified constitution?
Advantages of a codified constitution Disadvantages of a codified constitution
Entrenchin Entrenches human rights. Entrenchment means rights are hard to
g human An amendment to the US change.
rights constitution needs a 2/3 majority In the 2012 Sandy Hook shooting, the US
in both houses of Congress and couldn't change its gun laws as they were
approval of 3/4 of the states. entrenched.
It is easier to remove human rights In the 1996 Dunblane shootings, the UK
in the UK, such as the plans of the could quickly ban certain guns because the
Conservatives to remove the laws were unentrenched.
Human Rights Act 1998.
Certainty Greater certainty in constitutional The UK's constitution already provides
arrangements. adequate certainty.
In the US, Congressional elections There has never been revolution, which
occur every 2 years on the first suggests there is adequate certainty.
Tuesday of November. The Royal Prerogative the government
Before fixedterm Parliaments, UK rules on behalf of the monarch.
General Elections could be called The Salisbury Convention the House of
whenever the executive wanted, Lords won't interfere with the government
and it was unclear what would enacting its manifesto policies.
happen in 2010 with the formation Individual Ministerial Responsibility
of a coalition government. ministers resign after personal conduct
issues or a serious error or omission.
Collective Ministerial Responsibility
ministers resign rather than go against the
government.
Judicial Constitutional judicial review Judicial review could give judges too much
review would prevent anyone going power because judges should just apply
beyond their powers. laws Parliament makes due to them being
The US case Marbury v Madison unelected.
(1803) decided that courts must UK already has a process called judicial
declare state laws and Congress review, in which they can't declare Acts
Acts void when they go against the void, but they can have some influence.
constitution. In the Suspected Terrorist Bank Assets case
In the UK, the executive or of 2010, judges stopped the Treasury from
legislature can effectively do freezing bank assets of suspected terrorists
whatever they want due to because this went beyond the Treasury's
Parliamentary sovereignty. power.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the sources of the UK constitution?
Source of Advantages Disadvantages
the UK
constitutio
n

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Do the sources of the UK constitution give it both stability and flexibility?
The sources of the UK constitution give it both The sources of the UK constitution don't give it
stability and flexibility both stability and flexibility
Does the UK constitution effectively protect the rights of citizens?
The UK constitution effectively protects the The UK constitution doesn't effectively
rights of citizens protect the rights of citizens
UK Acts of Parliament protect rights.…read more

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Is the British Constitution becoming increasingly codified?
The British Constitution is becoming The British Constitution is still uncodified
increasingly codified
Is the British Constitution in need of further reform?
The British Constitution is in need of further reform The British Constitution is not in
need of further reform
Human Entrenchment could protect human rights. Entrenchment means rights are
rights An amendment to the US constitution needs a hard to change.…read more

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There should be a British Bill of Rights There shouldn't be a British Bill Of Rights
Entrenchin A British Bill of Rights would entrench Entrenchment means rights are hard
g human human rights. to change.
rights An amendment to the US constitution In the 2012 Sandy Hook shooting,
needs a 2/3 majority in both houses of the US couldn't change its gun laws
Congress and approval of 3/4 of the as they were entrenched.
states.…read more

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The SNP wants more power for the
Scottish Parliament, which could
reduce Parliamentary sovereignty
further.…read more

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Suprem Judges no longer sit in the House of Judges can still be pressured from other
e Court Lords. sources.
They are now less likely to be pressured Theresa May criticised judges for
by Lords, therefore they can be more ignoring deportation laws.
political.
How effective is Parliament overall?
Function Parliament is effective Parliament is not effective
Legislation Prelegislative consultation. The executive can dominate
Three stages of debates. legislation with a landslide majority.
Public Bills Committee. The House of Lords can only delay
Amendments.…read more

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What is the most important function of Parliament?
Function Important Less important
Legislation
Representatio
n
Scrutiny
Does party control limit the effectiveness of Parliament in performing its main functions?
Party control limits the effectiveness of Party control doesn't limit the effectiveness of
Parliament Parliament
How effective is Parliament at legislation?
Parliament is effective at legislation Parliament is not effective at legislation
How effective is Parliament at representing the public?
Parliament is not effective at Parliament is effective at representation
representation
Descriptive Women, ethnic minorities and…read more

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Ideological convergence means Labour and the Conservatives differ on
parties have similar policies. the economy and the EU.
Margaret Thatcher attracted C2 It is now easier for small parties to have
by the "right to buy". their voices heard.
Tony Blair attracted ABC1 by his The SNP went from 6 seats in 2010 to 56
business policies. seats in 2015.
Small parties aren't represented. UKIP won the 2014 MEP elections with
UKIP got 3.8 million votes and 1 24 out of 73 seats.
seat.…read more

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In 2010, 51.8% of 1824s voted, perhaps
to reduced turnout. because the Lib Dems being believed to be
In 2005, only 38.2% of 1824s the best people to freeze tuition fees and
voted, perhaps due to lack of represent the views of young people.
trust in politicians who were
descriptively different to
them.
Viewpoints Different people have People now have similar views so can have
different views so require similar representatives.
different representatives.…read more

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What is the most effective way for Parliament to scrutinise the executive?
Method Effective Less effective
Back Backbenchers can rebel against their Whips control backbenchers,
benchers party, such as Gordon Brown being meaning they are less likely to
and rebelled against on his first vote. rebel, such as in the vote on Iraq.
opposition Ministers' Questions provide a platform PMQs has been criticised as just
for scrutiny, for example Ed Miliband political theatre.
scrutinised David Cameron about
hedgefunds.…read more

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