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Democratic Government
In a democracy, ordinary people have the right to vote, and in doing so can influence government
policy. In the UK, and many other western democracies, there are a range of constraints on the
actions of the government. In any democracy there has to be a…

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The office of the PM is based largely on convention (an unwritten rule). Once the Monarch stopped
attending Cabinet meetings, the First Lord of the Treasury began chairing Cabinet meetings. This is
still the formal title of PMs in the 21st century. This is a formal title, however we…

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The PM has a personal staff of around 100 highly specialised personnel. The PM's office includes his
private office, the press office, the political office and the policy unit. These experts based at No. 10
are there to support the PM and are often called the Kitchen Cabinet.


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a) Decision-Making

The Cabinet will decide future government policy, eg. to introduce a ban on fox hunting. They ask
senior Civil Servants to draft the Bill and will then present it to Parliament.

b) Coordinating Departments

Apart from the PM, most Ministers are responsible for a government department. The…

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Secretary of State, and resigned from Blair's Cabinet because of a "moment of madness", in
which he met a male stranger in a public toilet in South London. Davies had to resign in

In Major's term of office, he introduced a Back to Basics policy. This was a…

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Some people are concerned that Parliament gives the wrong impression to women and ethnic
minorities; it suggests that middle class whites dominate political events.

1. It does give the impression that power is in the hands of a narrow section of society. This
causes disaffectionment, particularly amongst groups excluded…

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with the party leadership will find that pressure will be put on them by the whips. When Blair was PM,
he always informed any new Labour MP that they are in Parliament because people voted Labour.
They should therefore support the party leadership and not worry about their conscience.…

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Magna Carta, which gave his Barons the right to influence a decision to raise taxation. The English Civil
War of the 17th century was largely the result of a conflict between the Monarch's power and the
role of Parliament. Oliver Cromwell, having defeated King Charles I, significantly reduced the…

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MPs have a limited role in introducing legislation; this is done through Private Members' Bills, where
an MP can sponsor a Bill, which is quite separate from the government. The government can destroy
the Bill if it dislikes the proposed legislation by not allocating it enough time. The best…

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The 1949 Parliament Act reduced the delaying power of the Lords from two years to one year.

The Lords lost even more power because of what was called the Salisbury Convention. In 1945, a
radical Labour government was elected and in its Manifesto it was committed to introducing the…


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