Processes of Archaeological excavation

understanding of nature of excavtion

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  • Created by: Emma
  • Created on: 28-04-10 16:20

Initial survey

often taking the form of field walking. once this has been completed a detailed sample is often collected from core evidence zones.

these artifacts can give an indication of the different chronological periods an archaeologist might hope to find at a particular site. of the results of this stage stage are encouraging then planning for the excavation can begin,.

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Planning for excavation

the archaeologist must obtain permission from the relevent government bodies, attract finance and enlist staff (specialist and non specialist). fieldworkers would either be university colleagues or people with in interest in the excavation.

The archaeologist would need

  • around 6 trench supervisors
  • a photographer
  • a conservator
  • illustrators and cataloguers
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Its placed on a survey grid and trenches are laid out in positions which are as a result of either a judgmental or systematic approach.

the squares can be anything from 2 to 10 sq meters - this is up to the site director,.

often a site which has not been excavated before will have trenches scattered so as to have the best chance of finding the richest deposits.

The archaeologist is investigating one or more of the the following possiblities

  • 1) to consider a given archaeological event
  • 2) to assess the chronology variability from region to region
  • 3) to recover artifacts which will add to an archaeologists understanding of a given area
  • 4) to consider the nature of a given social construct
  • 5) to study the typological changes of a given artefact in a particular region
  • 6) to gain an understanding of a range of burial practices within a given phase.
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The process of excavation

All archaeologist agree the need to understand the particular site stratigraphy.

stratigraphy is made up from natural and cultural action that leave their mark in the soil.

we can use this with the aid of the law of supersition

the object thats are lower are older

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