1. What studies are used to evaluate the role of genes/hormones on gender development?
- Little Albert, David Riemer, Diamond, Swaab
- Swaag, Diamond, Little Hans, Reiner and Gearhart
- Reiner and Gearhart, David Riemer, Diamond, Swaab
- Reiner and Gearhart, David Riemer, Little Hans
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2. What does the biosocial aprroach to gender propose?
- Sex is biologically determined but role/identity is due to socialisation
- A combination of genetics and parent-child relationships have lead to the development of gender
- That biology determines the role/identity and socialisation determines sex
- Gender has been developed through a combination of evolution and genetics
3. What did Hare et al propose?
- 112 MtF transsexuals had a longer version of the androgen receptor leading to reduced testosterone
- Males had SDN 2 x bigger than females. MtF transsexuals have a SDN the size of females
- Overly close relations between mother- son leads to gender confusion
- Mental illness and trauma lead to gender confusion as a way of coping
4. What did Chung et al find?
- Challenges the Brain Sex Theory, because the BSTc doesn't develop until adolescence but symptoms of gender dysphoria are felt in childhood
- The research has social consquences as those with gender dysphoria can be helped
- 115 boys studied and 64% of them who went on to have gender dysphoria also had separation anxiety
- Trauma (a mother with depression due to miscarriage) triggered a young boy to start cross dressing to relieve the stress
5. What are the 3 evaluative studies of Kohlberg's theory?
- McConaghy, Martin and Little, Thompson
- Thompson, Slaby and Frey, Anderson
- Thompson, Slaby and Frey, McConaghy
- Geher et al, Thompson, Slaby and Frey