AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did Coate et al find?

  • Challenges the Brain Sex Theory, because the BSTc doesn't develop until adolescence but symptoms of gender dysphoria are felt in childhood
  • 115 boys studied and 64% of them who went on to have gender dysphoria also had separation anxiety
  • Trauma (a mother with depression due to miscarriage) triggered a young boy to start cross dressing to relieve the stress
  • The research has social consquences as those with gender dysphoria can be helped
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2. What did Buss find?

  • Neanderthal's skeletons were analysed and it was found they showed no division of labour which is why they died out
  • Men had higher cortisol levels during times of stress compared to women, potentially due to them not tending and befriending as much as women
  • 10,000 ppts, 37 cultures, found mate choice was consistent across cultures
  • Lonley hearts ads were analysed and it was found that mate choice was consistent across cultures

3. What did Ennis find?

  • Men had higher cortisol levels during times of stress compared to women, potentially due to them not tending and befriending as much as women
  • Neanderthal's skeletons were analysed and it was found they showed no division of labour which is why they died out
  • Lonley hearts ads were analysed and it was found that mate choice was consistent across cultures
  • 10,000 ppts, 37 cultures, found mate choice was consistent across cultures

4. What did Chung et al find?

  • Challenges the Brain Sex Theory, because the BSTc doesn't develop until adolescence but symptoms of gender dysphoria are felt in childhood
  • 115 boys studied and 64% of them who went on to have gender dysphoria also had separation anxiety
  • Trauma (a mother with depression due to miscarriage) triggered a young boy to start cross dressing to relieve the stress
  • The research has social consquences as those with gender dysphoria can be helped

5. What did Mead's research suggest?

  • Cultural differences: Differences in agression found between the Arapesh, Mundugumor and Tchumbuli tribes
  • 2800 students, 30 countries, asked to say whether each of 300 adjectives were female or male sterotypes, and consistency was found across all countries
  • 37 cultures, showing similarities in mate preferences, suggesting that gender is innate
  • Repetition of Buss' study to find again that gender is innate

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