AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What studies are used to evaluate the role of genes/hormones on gender development?

  • Little Albert, David Riemer, Diamond, Swaab
  • Swaag, Diamond, Little Hans, Reiner and Gearhart
  • Reiner and Gearhart, David Riemer, Diamond, Swaab
  • Reiner and Gearhart, David Riemer, Little Hans
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2. What does the biosocial aprroach to gender propose?

  • Sex is biologically determined but role/identity is due to socialisation
  • A combination of genetics and parent-child relationships have lead to the development of gender
  • That biology determines the role/identity and socialisation determines sex
  • Gender has been developed through a combination of evolution and genetics

3. What did Hare et al propose?

  • 112 MtF transsexuals had a longer version of the androgen receptor leading to reduced testosterone
  • Males had SDN 2 x bigger than females. MtF transsexuals have a SDN the size of females
  • Overly close relations between mother- son leads to gender confusion
  • Mental illness and trauma lead to gender confusion as a way of coping

4. What did Chung et al find?

  • Challenges the Brain Sex Theory, because the BSTc doesn't develop until adolescence but symptoms of gender dysphoria are felt in childhood
  • The research has social consquences as those with gender dysphoria can be helped
  • 115 boys studied and 64% of them who went on to have gender dysphoria also had separation anxiety
  • Trauma (a mother with depression due to miscarriage) triggered a young boy to start cross dressing to relieve the stress

5. What are the 3 evaluative studies of Kohlberg's theory?

  • McConaghy, Martin and Little, Thompson
  • Thompson, Slaby and Frey, Anderson
  • Thompson, Slaby and Frey, McConaghy
  • Geher et al, Thompson, Slaby and Frey

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