1. What did Williams and Best research suggest?
- 37 cultures, showing similarities in mate preferences, suggesting that gender is innate
- 2800 students, 30 countries, asked to say whether each of 300 adjectives were female or male sterotypes, and consistency was found across all countries
- Repetition of Buss' study to find again that gender is innate
- Cultural differences: Differences in agression found between the Arapesh, Mundugumor and Tchumbuli tribes
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2. What did the Stangor and Rubie research find?
- Schemas are important shown by children aged 4-9 given toys labelled either girl or boy toys and children payed most intention to their in-group
- Gender schema and gender constancy are simply different stages
- Kids under the age of 6 recalled more consistent pictures than gender inconsistent pictures
- Kids under 4 showed no gender constancy but strong sterotypes, suggesting Kohlberg's theory is wrong and the gender schema theory is right
3. What did Stroller propose?
- Mental illness and trauma lead to gender confusion as a way of coping
- 112 MtF transsexuals had a longer version of the androgen receptor leading to reduced testosterone
- Overly close relations between mother- son leads to gender confusion
- Males had SDN 2 x bigger than females. MtF transsexuals have a SDN the size of females
4. How can the biosocial theory be evaluated?
- Evoultionary explanation
- Social role theory
- Kohlbergs theory
- Socialisation explanation
5. What did Kohlberg propose as a theory of gender development?
- Gender identity(2-3), gender stability(4), gender constancy(6)
- Gender devlops in 3 stages, 1) Gender labelling (2-3), 2) Gender stability (4), 3) Gender consitency (6)
- Gender devlops in 3 stages, 1) Gender labelling (2-3), 2) Gender consitency (4), 3) Gender stability(6)
- Gender devlops in 3 stages, 1) Gender labelling (0-3), 2) Gender stability (3-7), 3) Gender consitency (7-11)