AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What did Hare et al propose?

  • 112 MtF transsexuals had a longer version of the androgen receptor leading to reduced testosterone
  • Males had SDN 2 x bigger than females. MtF transsexuals have a SDN the size of females
  • Overly close relations between mother- son leads to gender confusion
  • Mental illness and trauma lead to gender confusion as a way of coping
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2. What did Kuhn and Steinder find?

  • Lonley hearts ads were analysed and it was found that mate choice was consistent across cultures
  • 10,000 ppts, 37 cultures, found mate choice was consistent across cultures
  • Neanderthal's skeletons were analysed and it was found they showed no division of labour which is why they died out
  • Men had higher cortisol levels during times of stress compared to women, potentially due to them not tending and befriending as much as women

3. What are the 4 studies used to evaluate the gender schema theory

  • Martin and Little, Martin and Halverson, Brabard et al, Stangor and Rubie
  • Martin and Halverson, Brabard et al, Stangor and Rubie, Ennis et al
  • Martin and Little, Brabard et al, Stangor and Rubie, Martin and Martin
  • Martin and Halverson, Brabard et al, Walster et al, Stangor and Rubie

4. What did Thompson et al find?

  • 2 years olds were 70% correct in identifying gender compared to 90% of 3 year olds, showing improvement with age
  • Children under 5 identified a doll as a girl depite it having genitals on show
  • Only at 3-4 do children realise gender is constant over time and those who answered correctly showed greatest interest in same sex models
  • That the ages Kohlberg proposed are incorrect

5. What did Stroller propose?

  • Overly close relations between mother- son leads to gender confusion
  • Mental illness and trauma lead to gender confusion as a way of coping
  • 112 MtF transsexuals had a longer version of the androgen receptor leading to reduced testosterone
  • Males had SDN 2 x bigger than females. MtF transsexuals have a SDN the size of females

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