AQA Psychology- Unit 3

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1. What are the 4 studies used to evaluate the gender schema theory

  • Martin and Little, Martin and Halverson, Brabard et al, Stangor and Rubie
  • Martin and Halverson, Brabard et al, Stangor and Rubie, Ennis et al
  • Martin and Little, Brabard et al, Stangor and Rubie, Martin and Martin
  • Martin and Halverson, Brabard et al, Walster et al, Stangor and Rubie
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2. What did Slaby and Frey find?

  • Children under 5 identified a doll as a girl depite it having genitals on show
  • That the ages Kohlberg proposed are incorrect
  • Only at 3-4 do children realise gender is constant over time and those who answered correctly showed greatest interest in same sex models
  • 2 years olds were 70% correct in identifying gender compared to 90% of 3 year olds, showing improvement with age

3. What are the 4 studies for the A01 of cultural influences on gender essay?

  • Mead, Williams and Best, Buss, Eagly and Ennis
  • Mead, Walster et al, Eagly and Wood
  • Mead, Williams and Best, Buss, Eagly and wood
  • Williams and Best, Buss, Eagly and wood, Ennis

4. What did Stroller propose?

  • Males had SDN 2 x bigger than females. MtF transsexuals have a SDN the size of females
  • Mental illness and trauma lead to gender confusion as a way of coping
  • Overly close relations between mother- son leads to gender confusion
  • 112 MtF transsexuals had a longer version of the androgen receptor leading to reduced testosterone

5. What does the biosocial aprroach to gender propose?

  • Sex is biologically determined but role/identity is due to socialisation
  • That biology determines the role/identity and socialisation determines sex
  • Gender has been developed through a combination of evolution and genetics
  • A combination of genetics and parent-child relationships have lead to the development of gender

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