AQA GCSE 9-1 BUDDHISM: BELIEFS AND TEACHINGS PART 2

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  • Created by: jordanb-h
  • Created on: 01-04-18 21:07
What do Buddhists believe?
that every person gas within them the potential to become Buddha. This means there are an infinite number of Buddhas now and to come
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What does Sila mean?
Ten precepts kept by monks
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What does Bodhisattva mean?
a being who has postponed enlightenment after taking a vow to help others
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What does Buddhahood mean?
the realisation of perfect enlightenment
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What does Amitabha mean?
the Buddha of infinite light
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What does Pure Land mean?
heaven, the residence of Amitabha
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Where is the Arhat group found?
in Theravada Buddhism
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What does Arhat mean?
"perfected being", one who has gained insight into the true nature of existence and has achieved nibbana
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What do Monks follow?
the sila (Ten precepts) developing their morality, discipline and insight to become arhats. Most importantly they develop wisdom
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Where is the Bodhisattva group found?
in Mahayana Buddhism
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What does Bodhisattva mean?
one whose essence is enlightened
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What was the Buddha in life prior to his enlightenment?
a bodhisattva
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What do Mahayana Buddhists believe?
the bodhisattva made a vow to postpone their full enlightenment in order to help other beings. They see this as a higher being than the Theravadin arhat. Compassion than wisdom because of this it drives them to put off full enlightenment
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State one of the stages of being a bodhisattva
first, declaring the intention to put off Buddhahood to help others
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State one of the stages of being a bodhisattva
second, taking vows to show determination- a vow to become a buddha and one to help others achieve enlightenment
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State one of the stages of being a bodhisattva
third, living as a bodhisattva, so working hard to develop the six perfections
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State one of the stages of being a bodhisattva
fourth, becoming enlightened and attaining Buddhahood. This is really the realisation that the person has been buddha all along because everything they have done has been selfles
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What are the six perfections?
charity, morality, patience, energy, meditation and wisdom
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Who vowed after he achieved his own enlightenment, anyone male or female who called his name could live in his heaven until they attained enlightenment for themselves?
Amitabha Buddha
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Who was the man born to be the Buddha?
Siddhartha Gotama
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State an important point of the buddha's special birth
Even before conception, Siddhartha Gotama was special
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State an important point of the buddha's special birth
Prophecies were made saying Gotama would become a holy man and renounce his life of extreme wealth and these prophecies later came true
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State an important point of the buddha's special birth
His statements at birth show that we are driven by past lives
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What are the Four sights?
illness, old age, death and a holy man
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State an important point about the four sights
The encounter with death shows the impermanence of the material world- no amount of money can stop this
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State an important point about the four sights
Seeing the Four sights with no comprehension of them beforehand was mind blowing- it resulted in Siddhartha renouncing his life of extreme wealth, rejecting it as not being satisfactory. This was the trigger for his spiritual journey to enlightenment
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State an important point about the four sights
The last of the Four sights (the holy man) gave him a potential solution to the dissatisfaction caused by the other three- a religious path
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State an important point about the buddha's ascetic life
This was the opposite extreme to Siddhartha's life of luxury- he had now experienced both extremes, neither of which worked. To him this meant the solution had to be between these- hence Buddhism is a Middle Way
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State an important point about the buddha's ascetic life
Siddhartha reflected on the four sights as he saw them, then learned to meditate from masters. He later reflected that as a child he had meditated, though he had not known what he was doing. Meditation became a central theme in his life and teaching
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State one of the four periods that was marked out in the buddha's actual enlightenment
Siddhartha recalled all of his past lives, thus being able to see that he was ready to become enligthened
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State one of the four periods that was marked out in the buddha's actual enlightenment
He understood how all living things come to exist- paticca samuppada. He understood that everything is impermanent
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State one of the four periods that was marked out in the buddha's actual enlightenment
He realised that suffering comes from a desire or craving for things to stay as they are, or for the better. Overcoming those cravings was the key
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State one of the four periods that was marked out in the buddha's actual enlightenment
With these realisations, he attained nibanna- the three poisons stopped within him, so no longer controlling him and he was left with a sense of calm and happiness
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What are the three poisons?
greed, hatred and ignorance
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State an important point about the Buddha's enlightenment
We are reminded that it takes many lifetimes to attain enlightenment- and we learn in each one
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State an important point about the Buddha's enlightenment
Even with great determination a person can be distracted and have doubts, which must be ignored or pushed away to be successfull
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State an important point about the Buddha's enlightenment
Enlightenment comes from the power of the human mind, not a divine intervention
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State an important point about the Buddha's enlightenment
Siddhartha's realisations form the basis of Buddhist teaching (paticca samuppada, Three Marks of existence, noble eightfold path). These teachings have the status of law to buddhists
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does Sila mean?

Back

Ten precepts kept by monks

Card 3

Front

What does Bodhisattva mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does Buddhahood mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does Amitabha mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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