AQA GCSE RE: War and Peace

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  • War and Peace
    • Overarching Religious Opinions
      • Islam - war is okay
      • Christian - Just/Holy War
        • 'Nuclear weapons can't be justified and deserve condemnation'
        • Life is God-given / Sanctity of Life
      • Buddhism - strive for peace, war isn't okay
        • Peace: absence of conflict
        • Buddhists are pacifists
          • They don't believe in fighting as it goes against their first moral precept
            • Pacifists believe violence against a human is wrong
              • Pacifists believe war can never be justified
            • Pacifists are conscientious objectors
          • Conscientious objector: killing is against thier conscience
      • Why War?
        • Defend country
        • Defend ally
        • Defend beliefs
          • Religious Reason
        • Gain money/power
        • Stop mass murder
        • Gain land
        • Remove a leader/dictator
    • Case Studies
      • Vietnam War
        • 47,000 died
        • 8.7m troops
        • 5 16y/o killed
        • 5283 lost limbs
        • average troop age was 22
          • 7500 women served
      • Chinese Invasion of Tibet 1959
        • They broke vows not to fight- which goes against the first moral precept
        • Chinese government had a mass genocide of Tibetans
        • They taught the children
        • Buddhist War
    • Just and Holy War
      • Just War 7 conditions
        • Last Resort
        • Establish good
        • Reasonable chance of success
        • Authority declaration
        • Good outweighs evil
        • Good reason
        • Proportional
      • Holy War 3 conditions
        • Has a religious goal
        • Fought in the name of God
        • Fought by a religious leader
      • CHRISTIAN IDEAS
    • Islam & War
      • Jihad: to strive or struggle in the way of Allah
        • Greater Jihad: the personal, spiritual struggles of a Muslim to follow the teaching of Allah
      • Islam means peace
        • 'Hate your enemy mildly, for he may become your friend one day'
        • 'If an enemy inclines towards peace, you should and have trust in Allah as he sees all'
      • Muslims say 'salaam' (peace be with you)
    • Weapons of Mass Destruction
      • WMD: Weapons that can kill large numbers of people and/or create great damage
        • Proliferation: spreading to other countries and getting more numerous
      • Nuclear
        • Fusion Bombs
        • Fission Bombs
        • Neutron Bombs
        • Radioactive fallout will kill more than the original explosion
      • Biological
        • Enters food/water supplies
        • Banned under Geneva conventions
        • e.g plauge, ebola
      • Chemical
        • Banned in 1925
        • gets chemicals into the blood e.g mustard gas
        • used by UK & Germany in the past
        • still used in Vietnam & Iraq
        • can cause choking / burning / paralysis
      • ARGUMENTS FOR WMD
        • It's a deterrent
        • Protects a country from attack
        • A country would be vulnerable without it
      • ARGUMENTS AGAINST WMD
        • CND has set up to protest against them
          • CND: campaign for nuclear disarmament
            • INCLUDE THIS!
        • It isn't peaceful
        • Goes against religious ideas
        • Inhumane / killing is wrong
    • UNITED NATIONS
      • 2003 UN mission in Liberia
      • UN conflict with democratic republic of the Congo 2010
        • Both about peace
          • 2003 UN mission in Liberia
      • MDG (millenium development goal)
        • run by the UN, 8 goals were set up in 2000
    • TEACHINGS
      • Christian
        • 'nuclear weapons can't be justified'
      • Islam
        • All countries, starting with those that have the most nuclear weapons, should destroy these
      • Buddhism
      • Quakers
        • We believe nations should remove compre hensive disarmament.
        • We urge removal of all weapons
    • TERRORISM
      • Condemned by all religions
      • Doesn't fit with religious teaching or Just/Holy War criteria
      • No justification of it
      • Terrorism: an act of extreme violence that is carried out unauthorised groups. Designed to kill as many people as possible
        • Indiscriminately - not caring who
    • IRENA SENDLER (1920 - 2008)
      • A Polish nurse
        • She smuggled 2,500 children from the Warsaw Ghetto in WW2 then provided them with fake ID and shelter
      • She found non-Jewish families for the children to be adopted by
      • Nazi's broke her arms and legs for it
      • she kept all the names in a jar in her back yard and tried to find their families
    • TURNING FOR TIDE
    • RED CROSS
      • Untitled
  • Bosnian War
    • 1992-1995
    • Case Studies
      • Vietnam War
        • 47,000 died
        • 8.7m troops
        • 5 16y/o killed
        • 5283 lost limbs
        • average troop age was 22
          • 7500 women served
      • Chinese Invasion of Tibet 1959
        • They broke vows not to fight- which goes against the first moral precept
        • Chinese government had a mass genocide of Tibetans
        • They taught the children
        • Buddhist War
    • 250,000 died
    • UN refused to intervene
    • 18/3/94 - Muslims and Croats signed peace accord
    • 20/12/95 - NATO takes over peacekeeping duties from UN
    • 19/2/94 - NATO shoots down Serbian Aircraft
  • Army Chaplain: a religious minister who brings religion to all British troops; Buddhist, Muslim, Christian etc

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