Antiseptic and Anaesthetic Surgery - Medicine Through Time

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Koch:
In the 1890's Robert Koch discovered that hot steam killed more germs than carbolic acid.
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Koch:
Surgical gowns, gloves, and instruments sterilised in this way. This was the birth of the aseptic technique.
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Antiseptic Technique:
Antiseptic technique is when you attempt to kill germs within the operating theatre.
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Aseptic Technique:
Aseptic technique is when you attempt to create a completely sterile environment before you start.
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Pasteur: Communications
In 1861, Louis Pasteur published his experiments in "The Lancet"
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Pasteur:
He proved that germs caused infection.
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Pasteur: Influencial
Joseph Lister, a surgeon, read the article and considered applications of this knowledge for surgery.
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Opposition: Carbolic Acid
Some surgeons and nurses opposed the technique because carbolic was very abrasive on the skin and it was very unpleasant to breathe in.
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Opposition: Change
Some were unwilling to take on change and give up old practices.
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Opposition:
Some were unconvinced it worked.
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Lister: Experiment
In 1865, Joseph Lister experimented with carbolic acid as an antiseptic.
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Lister: Development
He developed the carbolic spray for use in operations to kill germs and thereby reduce infections.
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Card 2

Front

Surgical gowns, gloves, and instruments sterilised in this way. This was the birth of the aseptic technique.

Back

Koch:

Card 3

Front

Antiseptic technique is when you attempt to kill germs within the operating theatre.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Aseptic technique is when you attempt to create a completely sterile environment before you start.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

In 1861, Louis Pasteur published his experiments in "The Lancet"

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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