Surgery Through Time
- Trephining - removing a segment of skull.
- Carried out to let out evil spirits
- We know some people survived, because there is evidence of bone regrowth on some skeletons.
- Good at practical first aid
- Some surgical instruments - only surface surgery
- Some evidence of cautery - burning closed wounds
- No anaesthetics, only herbal antiseptics like willow, so high levels of infection.
- Good at practical first aid - lots of wars
- Also learned about setting broken and dislocating bones
- Did dissections, but didn't perform surgery in the body
- No anaesthetics, only herbal antiseptics - high risk of infection.
- Good at practical first aid - battles and gladiators
- Good at surface surgery - removing tumours near skin
- New surgical and midwifery instruments
- Developed Caesarian section - although mother ALWAYS died.
- No evidence of successful internal surgery - no anaesthetics, only herbal antiseptics.