OCR, History, Medicine, Through, Time, Unit 8 Surgery

Part 8

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HISTORY OF MEDICINE ­ DEVELOPMENTS IN SURGERY


Background

Up until the 19th Century there were no really successful attempts to
overcome the three surgical barriers that prevented longer and more
complex operations.
Pain had been conquered with alcohol or opium in the Middle East however
it had side-effects. Blood Transfusions…

Page 2

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Antiseptics

Between 1846 and 1870, due to advances in anaesthesia, over-confidence in
surgeons meant that many patients died from infection, as Pasteur had not yet
proved his germ theory.
In 1847, Igor Semmelweiss suggested that doctors washed their hands with
chloride of lime in between dealing with patients in order…

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