Ancient Greeks - Early Years Key Points

Flashcards to help you understand the whereabouts and the era of the Ancient Greeks, including key dates. Please leave feedback, tell me if this is useful, and suggest improvements.

What part of the Mediterranean did the Greeks mostly settle around?
The Black Sea
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Approximately, what were the dates of the Ancient Greek period?
8th Century BC - 5th Century BC
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What 2 city states are best known for their conflicts?
Athens and Sparta
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Where was the Delian League formed?
The island of Delos
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Why was the Delian League formed originally?
To unite the city states against Persia.
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When was the Delian League formed?
478BC
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What city state oversaw the Delian League?
Athens
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What is tribute?
Money that Athens' allies had to pay to Her as part of the Delian League.
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Who was the Greco-Persian War between?
The Greeks and the Persians
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Who was the Peloponnesian war between?
Athens (and Her allies) and Sparta
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What Greek historian wrote a book titled "The History Of The Peloponnesian War"?
Thucydides
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Which of these three people DID NOT write accounts that we use as sources today? Thucydides, Cimon, Diodoros.
Cimon
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Who was Cimon's father?
Miltiades
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What is an acropolis?
The highest point of a city state, often the most important part of a city state as a result of this.
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Where is the Parthenon?
Athens
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What oath was created by Hippocrates that is still used by doctors today?
The Hippocratic Oath
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Who was Asclepius (also spelt Asclepios)?
The Greek god of healing and medicine.
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What is an empire?
A group of nations/people ruled by a single authority.
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What is a league?
An association of nations/people with common interests or goals.
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Who was Aristophanes?
An Athenian playwrite, writing during and at the end of the Peloponnesian War.
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What was Zeus the god of?
He was the King of the Gods.
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What was Hera the godess of?
She was the Queen of the Gods and wife of Zeus.
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Who was Sparta's main rival?
Athens
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What was the Delian League names after?
The island of Delos, where it was based.
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Define the greek word "agoge".
State-controlled education.
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Where does the Peloponnese get its name from?
Pelops, a man
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What was the Peloponnesian League?
Led by Sparta, representing "reactionary forces" in Greece.
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What is a helot?
Similar to a servant or slave.
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What sort of government did Sparta have?
An oligarchy
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What type of government does Athens have?
A democracy
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Who made the Athenian Assembly the strongest part of the Athenian Constitution?
Solon
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Approximately, what were the dates of the Ancient Greek period?

Back

8th Century BC - 5th Century BC

Card 3

Front

What 2 city states are best known for their conflicts?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where was the Delian League formed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Why was the Delian League formed originally?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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