American West - The Great Sioux War & LBH (LJJ)

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When was the Permenant Indian Frontier introduced and what was it?
1832, a policy to permenently separate the Indians and settlers - allowed Indians to hunt and roam the Plains
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When was The Great Sioux War?
1876-77
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When was Custer's expedition, where did he go and what did this do?
The Black Hills in 1874, broke the Fort Laramie Treaty
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What was the purpose of Custer's expedition?
To protect the railway surveyors and find out if gold was in The Black Hills
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What were the consequences of Custer's expedition?
Gold was plentiful so many miners travelled to The Blacck Hills which was scared land to the Indians
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How much did the gov. offer to buy The Black Hills?
$6,000,000, Sioux refused because the hills are sacred
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Why are The Black Hills sacred to the Sioux?
The place where their nation began
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When were all Sioux ordered to The Great Sioux Reservation?
1875
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Why was it impossible for all Sioux to go to the reservation?
7000 Indians from various other tribes were in the Powder River country
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What happened in Feb 1876?
The army were instructed to treat all Indians outside the reservation as hostile
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What did General Sheridan do?
Thought up a three-pronged attack on the Sioux Indians camping at the valley of the Little Bighorn (Battle of LBH)
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What were the consequences of the Great Sioux War?
The army suffered famous defeat at the Battle of LBH in 1876, news of deafeat reached the rest of America on 4th July 1876, although Sioux won LBH it was a short-term victory so the US army really won the war
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What happened after the Battle of LBH?
The little bands on Indians split up and were followed and attacked during the autumn & winter of 1876-77
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Why did the small bands of Indians give in and return to their reservation?
Outnumbered & short of ammunition, food and general supplies
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When was the Battle of Little Big Horn?
25th - 26th June 1876
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What was the three-pronged attck in LBH?
Thought up by General Sheridan, included General Crook, Colenel Gibbon and Generals Terry and Custer (each general was to wait for the others before attacking the Indians
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How many Indians were were at LBH in Spring 1867
7000
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What did Custer do in the Battle of LBH
Ignored orders to wait for other generals and attacked early, attacked Indians at LBH with 600 men and 2 other officers (Reno and Benteen)
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What had scouts warned Custer about?
LBH village was huge (didn't know exactly how many) , he didn't have enough ammunition to fight so many Indians
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What happened at the LBH?
Custer split his forces into 3 (Custer, Benteen and Reno) to surround the Sioux (had previously been successful at River Washita) but this didn't work this time. Custer's men were tired after ride to the battle ground but couldn't rest
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Why was Custer responsible for the defeat of US army at LBH?
Offered 180 extra men and more guns but refused them, rode accross Wolf Mountains instead of circling them, pushed men too hard - too tired, disobeyed orders to wait for other generals
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Why wasn't Custer responsible for the defeat of the US army?
3 prongs couldn't communicate, US army didn't find outnhow many Indians there were, Sioux had better weapons, Crook's column had been attacked so had to retreat, more Indians, Indians stood and faught
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Card 2

Front

When was The Great Sioux War?

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1876-77

Card 3

Front

When was Custer's expedition, where did he go and what did this do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the purpose of Custer's expedition?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the consequences of Custer's expedition?

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