General Studies

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Define 'Fact'
Something that is certainly true and can be proved with evidence
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Define 'Opinion'
Something that is subjective; not agreed by everyone, contains judgement and is not necassarily supported by evidence
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Define 'Belief'
Something accepted as true by at least one person, doesnt have to be proved and isnt certainly true
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What is meant by an 'Inductive Argument'?
An assumption based on fact but the assumption and so general conclusion may be wrong
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Give an example of an Inductive Argument.
It rained Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday so it will rain Thursday
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What is meant by a 'Deductive Argument'?
A logically watertight argument with a true conclusion
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Give an example of a Deductive Argument.
The Eiffel Tower is in Paris, Paris is in France, therefore the Eiffel Tower is in France.
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What is meant by an 'Argument from Analogy'?
Using a comparison to explain the argument
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Give an example of an Argument from Analogy.
I just read a boring book about vampires so this vampire story's probably boring as well
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What is meant by a 'Causal Argument'?
Thinking that something happened because something else did
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Give an example of a Causal Argument.
I failed maths because i had Mr Smith
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What is meant by an 'Argument from Authority'?
Using an expert to support an argument
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Define 'fallacy'.
A false argument
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Who came up with the 5 Giant Evils?
SIr William Beverage
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Name the 5 Giant Evils
Want, Idleness, Squalor, Disease, Ignorance
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What is meant by the 'Glass Ceiling'?
An invisible barrier that keeps women from rising to the top of the corporate ladder
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What is meant by 'Life Chances'?
The opportunities a person has to improve their quality of life (corresponds with socieconomic status)
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What is meant by 'Social Mobiliity'?
Movement in social position (change in income)
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What is meant by 'Distribution of Wealth'?
How a society's wealth (assets) is shared among individuals
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What is meant by 'Distribution of Income'?
A comparison of income of members of society
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What is meant by 'Minimum Wage'?
The lowest remuneration that an employer can legally pay a worker
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What factors affect a persons life chances?
Education, Family, Health
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define 'Opinion'

Back

Something that is subjective; not agreed by everyone, contains judgement and is not necassarily supported by evidence

Card 3

Front

Define 'Belief'

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is meant by an 'Inductive Argument'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give an example of an Inductive Argument.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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