101- Liver

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What are the 3 layers of the liver?
Lobe - Lobules - hepatocypes
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What exists between hepatocytes?
Hepatic sinusoids (blood capilaries) and bile ducts
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What are the two main blood sources to the liver?
Hepatic portal vein (nutrient rich and deoxygenated) and hepatic artery (Oxygen rich)
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What do Kupffer cells do?
Destroy red and white blood cells
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Fuctions of the Liver
Secretion of bile, metabolism, synthesis of plasma proteins, detoxification, phagocytosis, storage of vits and mins, blood clotting, sectrion of angiotensinogen and vit d activation
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What is the pigment in bile called?
Biliruben
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Where and how is Biliruben produced?
In the liver from broken down red blood cells
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What are the functions of bile?
Releases CCK, emulsification of TG's and fats and salts are reabsorbed in SI passive and actively
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What are gall stones?
Occurs when bile has little salt or too much cholesterol and can obstruct bile duct
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How can gall stones be treated?
Shockwave therapy
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Decribe the process of glycogen break down in liver
Glycogen is stored and broken down to glucose my glycogen
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What does the liver turn amino acids into?
Fatty acids and protein
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What does the liver metabolise when correctly fed?
Glucose, free fatty acids, lipoproteins and cholesterol are synthesised
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What does the liver metabolise when fasting?
Fatty acids and glycerol are released to produce ATP
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What hormones does the liver secrete?
Insulin, glucagon, glucocorticoids and adrenaline
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What does the liver turn alcohol into?
Alcohol - Acetataldehyde - Acetyl
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What does over consumption of alcohol cause?
Fatty infiltation - cirrosis and collogen formation = scar tissue
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What vitamins and minerals does the liver store?
Iron, copper, Vits A,D,E and K
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What exists between hepatocytes?

Back

Hepatic sinusoids (blood capilaries) and bile ducts

Card 3

Front

What are the two main blood sources to the liver?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do Kupffer cells do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Fuctions of the Liver

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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