- Germany was made up of 39 individual states who were ruled by their individual princes. These princes were not willing to give up their sovereignity.
- German society was made up of land-owning aristocrats known as 'Junkers' who didn't believe in change and were loyal to their monarchs.
- The Austrian ambassidor was the president of the Diet. This was a problem as Austria was against German unification as she herself was a multicultural empire…