Telelogical Ethcial Theory
Actions judged according to consequences
Jeremy Bentham discovered phrase 'greatest good for greatest number' when read Jospeh Prisetleys's 'Essay on Government'
Bentham produced theory in his book 'the Principles of Morals and Legislation'
Founding father of utilitarianism
Motivated to produce universal ethical theory applicable to all situations
Born in London at a time of great scientific and social change such as prison reforms, the industrial revolution, medical/tecnological developments
Theory met needs of working class in the 1800s and started social reform
Can be broken down into 3 parts:
1. principle of utility
2. motivation of human beings
3. hedonic calculus
Hedonic calculus weighs up pleasure and pain by 7 factors:
duration, intensity, remoteness, purity etc
John Stuart Mill