Utilitarianism

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  • Created by: 12dellm
  • Created on: 07-01-16 18:38
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  • Utilitarianism
    • Mill
      • Rule Utilitarianism
        • A version of utilitarianism in which general rules are assessed for the happiness making properties.
      • Higher and Lower Pleausres
        • Higher pleasures were qualitatively better and more important than the lower pleasures. some pleasures are more desirable and we should always look to receive those.
    • Bentham
      • Hedonic Calculus
        • PRICED
        • INTENSITY, DURATION, CERTAINTY, REMOTENESS, EXTENT, PURITY
        • Created by Bentham, this is a utilitarian system whereby the effects of an action can be measured as to amount of pleasure it may bring.
      • Utility Principle
        • The rightness or wrongness of an action is determined by its utility or usefulness
      • Act Utilitarianism
        • A version of utilitarianism according to which the rightness or wrongness of an individual acts are calculated by the amount of happiness resulting from the action
    • Singer
      • Preference Utilitarianism
        • A utilitarian theory interested in the best consequences for those involved rather than what creates the most pleasure and least pain
    • Examples
      • Speeding to get to a hospital
      • Robbery and the shopkeeper knows where the suspect is
      • Homeless not able to sleep by companies
    • Philosophers
      • R.M.Hare
        • Equal Preferences count equally.
      • Singer
        • Discrimination based on species, arguing it should be on grounds of ability to experience suffering.

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