The Psychodynamic Approach to Psychopathology

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The unconscious forces.

1) CHILDHOOD TRAUMA

If a child's mother dies before the age of five, the child is more likely to experience mental health issues (e.g. depression). Its the repressed conflicts from childhood. Another example, anxiety could be from isolation as a child or being beaten for example. It is kept in the unconscious.

2) PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES

Oral Stage: where the child learns from licking/touching - gets to know the world around them through sucking and biting.

Anal Stage: the potty training stage, a stage of independance and growth/ withold vs anally expulsive

Phallic Stage: understanding their own body parts

Evidence:

Freud conducted a study with Little Hans and Anna O and found that if a child is anally retentive they are more likely to experience OCD as an adult/ people who are uptight/obsessive. If you are anally expulsive - fixated on going to the toilet.

3) PERSONALITY TRIPLICATE

Id: the childish side of you/urging and demanding

Ego: the balance of the Id and the

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