AS Psychology Abnormality Basic Definitions

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Deviation from social norms
A definition of abnormality. The person who is regarded as `abnormal` does not adhere to the norms laid down by his or her society.
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Deviation from ideal mental health
A definition of abnormality. The person who is regarded as `abnormal` does not achieve Jahoda's (1958) criteria for optimal living. It focuses on recognising normality than abnormality.
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Failure to Function Adequately
A definition of abnormality. The people who are regarded as `abnormal` engage in activities that are seen as somehow `not good for them`. Their behaviour is self-defeating. Day-to-day living, involving seeing others, and having relationships.
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Biological Approach
Mental health problems are regarded as illnesses with identifiable symptoms, origins and treatments.
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Electro-convulsive therapy (ECT)
A biological therapy where a voltage large enough to bring about a convulsion, or fit, is passed across the brain.
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Drug Therapy
A biological therapy where medication is prescribed that may be palliative (the symptoms of abnormality are suppressed) or curative (the mental health problem is cured).
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Psychodynamic Approach
A psychological approach. The mind (psyche) is seen as being influenced by powerful and changing (dynamic) unconscious forces. Most closely associated with Sigmund Freud.
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Psychoanalysis
A psychological therapy within the psychodynamic approach to psychopathology. Developed by Sigmund Freud in the 1890's, the therapy can involve dream analysis or free association.
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Cognitive Approach
A psychological approach. Abnormality results from faulty internal cognitive (thinking) processes.
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
A psychological therapy within the cognitive approach to psychopathology. It aims to identify errors and distortions in thinking that give rise to problems and help clients to find alternative ways of thinking to overcome them.
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Behavioural Approach
A psychological approach. Like all behaviour, abnormal behaviour is learned, through classical conditioning, operant conditioning and social learning.
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Social Norms
Unwritten rules created by society to guide behaviour.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A definition of abnormality. The person who is regarded as `abnormal` does not achieve Jahoda's (1958) criteria for optimal living. It focuses on recognising normality than abnormality.

Back

Deviation from ideal mental health

Card 3

Front

A definition of abnormality. The people who are regarded as `abnormal` engage in activities that are seen as somehow `not good for them`. Their behaviour is self-defeating. Day-to-day living, involving seeing others, and having relationships.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Mental health problems are regarded as illnesses with identifiable symptoms, origins and treatments.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A biological therapy where a voltage large enough to bring about a convulsion, or fit, is passed across the brain.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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