The impacts of global warming in Africa

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In 2007 Africans average per captia income was $0.72 a day

Africa is 0.5 degrees warmer than it was in 1900

In Kericho, Kenya maximum temperatures have increased by 3.5 degrees since 1985

Droughts have become more common as areas which already arid or semi arid become even drier

Rainy seaons are now more unreliable

rains are more localised

heavily dependent on agriculture

UNEP reported in 2007 that 14 countries in Africa were suffering water scarcity and that 11 more will join by 2032

As rainfall becomes more variable competiton for water is likely to arise between countires particularly as the Nile is across National borders

As scarcity increases so does dependence on poor quality sources. This leads to increased water-bourne diseases such as cholera puts pressure on health care systems

Low lying coastal countries- low lying sandy coastlines of Ghana, Togo and Benin are suffering greater eroison from increased storminess and human interference such as port development

global warming may make rainfall more seasonal with a dry season that is just as dry now but a wet season where rain may fall in heavier bursts

Malaria is also on the increase as increased humidity and rainfall causes the mosquito to spread over wider areas. In South Africa it is estimated that hte are affected by malaria will double, and that 7.2 million people will be at risk an increase of 5.2 milliom

----- this puts pressure of the health system

----- increase in the number of people affected means an increase in the number of people unable to work

Debt crisis is where many African countries have become so heavily indebted that repayments sometimes exceed their GNP


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