Stratford Place Study and Olympic Park Regeneration


Stratford Place Study

What type of place is Stratford?

·         Post industrial, mainly tertiary based economy, large cultural and ethnic mix.

·         Huge disparities in wealth, one of the most deprived boroughs in London.

·         Influxes of capital in the last 15 years for regeneration projects hoping to improve QofL.


Factors affecting Character of Place

Endogenous Factors

·         Location

®     N of Thames, E of River Lea, East End, Newham

·         Land Use

®     Fish Island: Rapid industrial expansion around waterways and railways

®     Blitz WW2 = Carpenters Estate

®     Deindustrialisation = mass unemployment, outsourcing, dereliction of industrial parks leaving brownfield sites.

®     Green space from cleaned up BF sites, Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park

·         Built Environment

®     Fish Island: Victorian terrace housing

®     Council housing = affordable

®     Stratford Plaza, East Village, Westfield, Arcelor Mittal Orbit

·         Infrastructure

®     UEL campus

®     Low Emissions Zone

®     Stratford Station

®     Stratford Regional = UK’s 7th busiest station

®     Highest rate of households in temp acc at 48 in 1000.

·         Demographics

®     White British = largest ethnic group (44% born in England)

®     Christianity + Islam = main religions

®     Average age = 30

·         Economic Profile

®     Industrial to post industrial economy

®     Westfield = one of Europe’s largest shopping centres

®     29% jobs are low paid

®     6th most deprived borough in London

®     Income deprivation, child poverty and the elderly living in deprivation are all significantly higher than NA.

®     12.8% own their homes (NA = 30%)

®     Gross added value of £1660 million in 2017 from real estate




Exogenous Factors

®     Flows of People

®     International in-migration to Newham = 33% 2018-9

®     Culturally diverse: 42% immigrants from outside EU (NA= 9.4%)

®     Pop. of Newham that is NOT White British = 83.3% (NA = 20.2%)

®     Flows of Capital

®     £9 billion for accelerated regeneration

®     Olympic village = 3500 new homes (half affordable)

®     Construction of Sugar House Island by Vastint (International org)

®     Stratford Halo, Stratosphere, East Village, Stratford Plaza

®     £4 billion investment from 2012 over next 15 years

®     Flows of Resources

®     Unilever factories

®     HS1 and cross rail lines

®     Flows of Ideas

®     Anish Kapoor: ArcelorMittal Orbital

®     Zaha Hadid: London Aquatics Centre

How Stratford has Changed

Remained the same or change over time?

19th Century: industrial suburb, train station, noxious trade established (Stinky Stratford)

Bombed heavily during WW2, 27% of residential property destroyed, economic decline.

1970s-2000s: Stratford Centre = indoor market village, Stratford City Challenge = new cultural quarter (Stratford Picture House), Stratford Circus Art Centre

Pre Olympics: 33 buildings demolished for Olympic Stadium, UEL former halls of residence demolished, 193 businesses


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