Public Health: Population rise and growth and conditions of towns

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  • Created by: Frankey
  • Created on: 08-04-10 19:51

Population 1700 - 1850:

  • In 1700 the population was 5.5 mill.
  • Most people lived in the countryside
  • Life expectancy was 38 years
  • In 1851 population was 18 mill.
  • Life expectancy was 55 years
  • More people lived in towns and industrial areas

Where statistics come from:

  • Gregory King in 1695 used parish registers, church records and tax returns to estimate population
  • John Rickman in 1801 drew up first census - to be taken every 10 years

Why did population grow?

  • Birth rate grew, due to better
    • living conditions
    • medicine
    • diet
  • Death rate fell, due to:
    • changes in farming
      • less hunger
      • better quality
    • changes in transport
      • fresh food could be transported across the country
    • changes in industry
      • more work
      • higher wages
    • overseas buying and selling
      • cotton
        • easier t keep clean
        • cheaper
    • improvements in medicine
      • cure for smallpox
      • improved midwifery
      • more hospitals
    • drop in gin drinking
      • was made more expensive
  • Immigration and emigration
    • people moved around the country for new jobs
    • attracted workers from Scotland and Ireland
    • attracted workers from colonies

Results of this…

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