The Industrial Revolution - Medicine Through Time

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  • Industrial Revolution 1800AD - 1900AD
    • Public Health
      • Workhouses - for old and weak
      • Unhygienic
      • Rapid growth
      • Crowded
      • Limited access to water - dirty
      • Public Health Act 1848 - NOT COMPULSORY (so 1/3 towns)
      • Poor diet, bad working hours and conditions
      • 1875 - local council responsible for clean water, rubbish and sewers
    • Causes of Disease
      • Germs
    • Treatment of Disease
      • Herbal treatments - unregulated
      • Vaccinations
      • Local doctor if needed or GP
      • Nourishing food, warmth and comfort
    • Training of Doctors
      • MUST be trained, university for a few years with practical experience
    • Individuals
      • Edward Jenner: Developed small pox vaccine, opposition but compulsory in 1852
      • Louis Pasteur: Published germ theory in 1861, proved it by conducting experiments AND Anthrax vaccine
      • Robert Koch: Growing bacteria in agar jelly, stained with dye, tuberculosis and cholera microbes
      • Edwin Chadwick: published The Sanitary conditions of the laboring population', temporary board of health, non-compulsory public health act 1848
      • John Snow: discovered link between water and cholera
    • Other
      • Florence Nightingale: Scutari 42 - 2%, clean wards and hygienic conditions, nursing school, 200 books
      • Elizabeth Garret Anderson: First british female doctor, trained as a nurse, went to lectures, took college of apothecaries, set up own practice and medicine for women


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