Meta Ethics: A study of the use of ethical language and the ways in which different scholars have understood how terms such as 'good' and 'bad', 'right' and 'wrong' are used when moral statements are made.
Normative Ethics: Tries to show how you should behave towards moral decisions (Natural Ethics, Virtue Ethics, Moral Relativism, Situation Ethics, Kantian Ethics).
Intuitionism (G.E Moore): Wrote widely influential book called "Principa Ethica" (1903). Moore claimed that moral judgements are based on "and infallible intuitive knowledge of good things".
He argues that moral statements cannot be verified simply by looking at the evidence available to the five senses; this mistake is known as the "Naturalistic Fallacy".
Moore wrote "an ought annot be derived from an is" which means a statement of evaluation/value cannot come from a statement of fact.
Statements of 'Good' and 'Bad' cannot be verified by evidence given my the senses (empirical evidence). We shouldn't try to factual explain what is good or bad because they are not…