Life as a challenge revision notes

  • Created by: Maudleen
  • Created on: 17-04-13 00:26

Exam Revision Notes:

What is Cystic Fibrosis and give causes of cystic fibrosis:
• Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic condition which is acquired at conception and carried on by a recessive gene. Cystic fibrosis is caused if both parents are carriers of the Cystic Fibrosis gene.

Major symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis:
• Persistent coughing & wheezing.
• Chest infections
• Malnutrition

Treatments & Practitioners:
• Gp- Prescribes antibiotics for lung infection.
• Physiotherapist - Daily physiotherapy for percussion on the chest to dislodge mucus from the lungs. Teach parents how to do percussion.
• Dietician - Provide dietary advice on a diet enriched with protein high in calories, vitamins and pancreatic enzymes.

Potential impact on person and their family:
• The most noticeable feature of Cystic fibrosis is a persistent cough. Although it is not contagious, it may be embarrassing in front of other children, especially as a severe coughing attack can lead to vomiting. Parents or other carers may have to come into school to help with daily physiotherapy. Children with Cystic Fibrosis are just as academically able as their peers but hospitalisation or chest infections can result in prolonged absence from school, so they would need extra help when catching up with the rest of the class. Children with Cystic fibrosis may be picked on at school because of their persistent cough and the fact that they may be underweight and small for their age. Physiotherapy is very time consuming, possibly due to the detriment of the child’s social life, though children with CF often find supportive friends who help with care and physiotherapy.

What is Osteoarthritis & give causes of Osteoarthritis:
•  Osteoarthritis is a type of joint disease, it causes pain and stiffness in the joints. It's caused by being overweight, genetics or damaged joints as a result of excessive strain which is caused by obesity.

Major symptoms of Osteoarthritis:
• Pain & stiffness in joints during movement.
• Grating or grinding sensation when you move the joint.
• Soft or hard swellings

Treatment & Management:
• Gp - Prescribe stronger painkillers - for pain, anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroid injections.
• Physiotherapist - For exercise to maintain independence through improving your mobility, strength and flexibility.
• Consulted surgeon - For replacement surgery.
• Complimentary therapy - Complimentary therapy and alternative therapy to help with treatment and slow down the progress of the disease.

Potential impact on person and their family:
• Normal daily tasks can become difficult as the person would be in pain, while managing family life and juggling work which can be exhausting. Some people with arthritis find it life challenging but they can receive support. People who suffer with osteoarthritis can continue to carry on working as it makes them feel better. Emotionally their self esteem will be affected as they would have to ask for help and this will affect them psychologically as they won’t be independent.

What is Alzheimer's & give causes of Alzheimer's:
• Alzheimer's is a form of dementia.


Sam Morran


Notes on Cystic Fibrosis - I like the way that it is summarised on one page with some discussion of impacts.