Indonesian History, Pre Independence and Independence


Criteria A: Knowledge & Understanding

Part I: Know the significance of the following vocabulary/terms
Indonesian Pre-Independence

·          Primary Source
        a source that is created during the time of the event
·          Secondary Source
        source created after the event
·          Bias
        the tendency to side with a party instead of another,prejudice, preferance, favoritism
·          Propaganda
        information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
·          Archipelago
        a chain of islands
·          Javanism
        a Javanese principle/moral code/belief on how to act. A combination of Buddhist and Hindu beliefs in such a way it’s uniquely Javanese. Using elements of both.
·          Monopoly
        controlled the production and sale of a product/service in order to dominate a particular market.
·          Colonialism
establishment and development of a group of people from a territory in another territory
·          Rebellion
an act of armed resistance to an established government or leader
·          Imperialism
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
·          Political Autonomy
right for self government
·          Guerrilla war
small independent group (normally of civilians) taking part in irregular fighting, without professional tactics or army

Indonesian Post-Independence

·          Neo-colonialism
The use of economic, political, cultural, or other pressures to control or influence other countries, esp. former dependencies
·          Pancasila
official philosophical foundation of Indonesia
·          Communism
an economic system based on “you put in your fair share, you get your fair share.”
·          Cold War
·          Containment/ Domino Theory
·          Socialism
an economic system based on “you get a share regardless of your contribution.”
·          Capitalism
an economic system based on the “survival of the fittest”
·          Trade Embargo
Imposing bans or extra barriers on trade with a specific foreign country (exports to this foreign country, imports from this country, or both), usually because of a policy dispute.
·          NASAKOM
a political concept by Sukarno. Based on the acronym: NASionalisme ('nationalism'), Agama ('religion'), and KOMunisme ('communism')
·          Guided democracy
Guided democracy is a term for a democratic government with increased autocracy. While following basic democratic principles there can be minor deviations towards authoritarianism. Attempt to build political stability.
Sukarno introduced this idea on 21 February, 1957
·          Nationalism
the sense of unity in a country
·          Dictatorship

a government organization or group in which absolute power is so concentrated

·          Propaganda
Information, esp. of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view
·          Reformasi
·          Transmigrasi

a program created by the Indonesian government that relocates people from congested/over populated areas (major cities) to less populated areas (villages). caused a lot of conflict between the people and the government, and the transmigrants and the locals.

·          Democracy
a government by the people, rule of the majority
·          Subduction
The sideways and downward movement of the edge of a plate of


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