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The Origins of the 48/49 Arab Israeli war and the effects
(Paper 1, 2 or 3)
Causes
Long Term
Ideology:
· Zionism
· Political group of Jewish people
· "homeland for Jewish people"
· Many Jews were anti-Zionist however despite the pogroms
· They believed that their "Jewishness" did not…

Page 2

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Arab Revolt 1916 - 1918 (Ottoman Empire ended
with the British help)
An army was created to defeat the Turks. They felt
they deserved after defeating the Turks the right to
complete self government
Sykes- Picot Agreement 1916
Secret Agreement between GB and France in
May 1916 for the dismemberment…

Page 3

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The Brits decided to encourage the Arabs to rebel against
the Turkish rulers to seek independence
Paris Peace Conference
Arabs believed that they would be given the land
that was promised to them.
Lawrence appealed to US President Wilson to
step in as a neutral guarantor of ME.
BUT when…

Page 4

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· Conducted guerilla warfare, collected weapons, attacked
British forces, organized illegal entry of refugees
· Widespread sympathy for Jews who survived Nazi camps
· Brits stopped the Jewish refugees from landing ex. Exodus
· Creation of "Detention Camps" 1946 - 48 for the refugees on the
boats.*These were refugees from…

Page 5

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· Transjordan operated autonomous unit under BRitish
authority and Jews could not live in it
· Hence Jews began to immigrate to the 20% of the Mandate
west of Jordan.
France
· Sykes - Picot Agreement

United States
President Roosevelt promised Kind Saud that the US would make no
policy…

Page 6

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· King Faisal declared head of State
· Palestine became under British control as a mandate granted by
LN, which required establishing Jewish national homeland. Until
then Palestinian boundaries had not been defined.
· LN Mandates
· San Remo Conference - incorporated the Balfour
Declaration of 1917 + Article 22…

Page 7

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· Brits began operating w/ Jewish Forces (Haganah) to restore
order
· Jewish settlers began their own revenge attacks.
· Haganah: Jewish Defense Organization set up in 1920s to
protect Jewish settlements from Arabs. They received
British training and arms
· Nazi concentration camps
· many displaced Jews
· Jews…

Page 8

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· Ben Gurion welcomed it but the Arabs rejected it
· May 15 1948 is when the British Mandate would end, so who
becomes victorious?
o
Violence
o Arabs were divided about the the Partition Plan and the P.Arabs
called for Arab gov't to control the entire mandate
o Zionists…

Page 9

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Historians:
Origins of Arab Israeli Conflict:

Kimmerling and Migdal: The Arab population was simply unaware of the
other groups existence. Jewish land buying did effect local peasants and
resulted in numerous land disputes. The Jews were shaping a future
Jewish-Arab relations. The Jews established an economy based largely on the…

Page 10

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Ovendale:
U.S.A conscious that support for partition would place the U.S. in the
position of favoring the creation of a state against the wishes of the
indigenous inhabitants.
Bickerton and Klausner
Zionist exerted pressure on White house to influence nations to vote
for partition but Truman refused
Partition was successful…

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