GCSE AQA Geography B Landforms

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Coastal Environment


Wave cut platform

  • Weather attacks top of the cliff
  • Sea then attacks the base of the cliff forming a wave cut notch
  • After a while the notch increases in size causing the cliff to collapse
  • Backwash carries the cliff into the sea forming a wave cut platform


Headlands are formed when the sea attacks cliffs with alternating bands of rocks (soft and hard). The sea attacks the soft rock which erodes faster than the hard rock leave a piece of land jutting out called a headland.


Like headlands; the sea pushes back the soft rock then the hard rock leaving a bay




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