Explain, using examples, the meaning of actus reus.

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  • 3 types of actus reus
    • State of Affairs
    • Acts
    • Ommissions


  • Very rare
  • Larsonneur
    • D was ordered to leave the UK
    • Irish police deported D back against her will
    • D was immediatly arrested


  • Must be voluntary 
  • Hill v Baxter (judge set out examples)
    • Driver is stung by a swarm of bees
    • Driver is struck on the head with a stone
    • Driven has a heart attack
  • May also include issues where someone is hit after another suffers a muscle spasm

OMMISION (select 2 or 3 depending on number of marks)

  • Generally no liability for omissions


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