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Unit 2- the concept of liability

Section A: principles of criminal liability

Criminal law- criminal law is concerned with the liability of an individual for wrong doing. All wrong
doings that is a crime has a precise definition. The definitions are found either in an act of parliament
such as…

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3) Strict liability- a standard for liability which may exist in either a criminal or civil context. A rule
specifying strict liability makes a person legally responsible for the damage and loss caused
by his or her acts and omissions regardless of culpability (including fault in criminal law terms,

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Duty arising from creating a Miller 1983 Squatter failed to put out a
dangerous situation fire caused whilst he'd fallen

Duty taken on by a person Stone v Dobinson 1977 People failed responsibility
voluntarily for looking after a relative
and failed to seek obviously
needed medical attention.

The above…

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4) He has assumed a particular responsibility for example to care for someone such as the case
of Stone v Dobbinson where the defendants did not seek appropriate medical help resulting
in the cared for persons' death.
5) An act of parliament such as the Children and Young Persons Act…

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Legal Causation-medical Smith 1959 D stabbed V with a bayonet
intervention did not break during a fight in barracks. V's
chain of causation friend took him to the first
aid post, but on the way, he
dropped V twice. At the first
aid post the medical officer
was busy and…

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to her religious beliefs. She
died next day.

Legal causation- the victims Williams 1992 The defendants picked up a
own act did break the chain hitchhiker on the way to
of causation Glastonbury festival. The
hitchhiker jumped out of the
car when it was travelling at
30 mph, hit his…

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of an activity that suggests that level of mens rea could be knowing that someone is standing
on a wet and therefore slippery roof of a van and as a joke suddenly moving the van then this
would be a virtual certainty that the person on top of the van…


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