Disaster Hotspot - California

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  • Created by: GMarsden
  • Created on: 10-05-15 14:28

A disaster hotspot is a place at risk from 2 or more hazard types with a high vulnerability to disasters due to the size, density and/or the poverty and wealth of the population.

Basic facts about California:

  • It is a HIC (High income country)
  • It has a population of approx 39 million (2014)
  • It's avg. GDP per capita is $40,000
  • It is the wealthiest state in the USA
  • The coastal regions are inhabited by many people e.g. LA, San diego and San Francisco
  • It is a major tectonic hotspot (lies on a conservative plate boudary - san andreas fault)
  • Extreme weather brought by el nino (flooding) and la nina (droughts)
  • The north of California has a lot of forest cover - prone to wildfires
  • The coastal area of California is prone to landslides - development on coast

California is a disaster hotspot as it is vulnerable to many different hazard types such as droughts, earthquakes,landslides, wildfires, and flooding.

Vulnerability of California:

  • 20% of its residents live below the poverty line
  • Big established economy - large economic losses if disaster hits
  • Buildings on unstable land e.g slopes which causes increased risk of landslides
  • 70% of residents live within 50km of the fault line

California lies on a conservative plate boundary (san andreas fault). At this plate…

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