Delongis et al (1982) devised the Hassles and Uplifts scale
Aim: to test the hypothesis that daily hassles are a better predictor of later ill health than life events.
Participants: 100 participants (all aged over 45) were asked to complete four questionnaires each
- Q1: Hassles scale
- Q2: Uplifts scale
- Q3: Life events questionnaire
- Q4: Health questionnaire
Results: Hassles were significantly positively correlated with ill-health whereas uplifts and life events were not
Criticism of scale - Evaluation
- you cannot generalise it to the younger population because all participants are over the age of 45
- individual differences - people have different views of what os considered a hassle or not
- social desirability bias - you might exaggerate certain things that are stressful
- retrospective - memory might not be 100% accurate to remember hassles or uplifts in the last month
- health questionnaire may want to be kept private and confidential
- culture bias - is the scale culturally specific?
Research on daily hassles
Bouteyre et al (2007)
Aim: to investigate the relationship between daily hassles and the mental health of students during the intitial transition period from school to university
Method: 1st year psychology students at a French uni completed the hassles part of the Hassles and Upslifts Scale (HSPU) and the Beck Depression Inventory to measure any symptoms of depression
Findings: 41% of students suffered from depresssion symptoms and there was a positive correlation between scores on the hassles scale and the depressive symptoms.
Conclusion: this study shows that the transition to university is frequently farught with daily hassles and these can be considered a significiant risk factor for depression.