Diversity in the US
-Its size brings with it the need for decentralisation, for the federal government established by the founding fathers in 1787
-Laws differ between states; elections, crimes and punishments.
-Conservative south; (Bible belt) Texas to Virginia.
-Liberal Northeast; Massachusetts and Rhode Island.
-Liberal leaning west coast; California cities of LA and San Francisco.
1776; The 13 colonies on the eastern seaboard of North America declared their independence for Great Britain. In the Declaration of Independence.
1776-83; The war of independence between the former colonies and Great Britain.
1781; The independent colonies decided to establish a confederacy a loose association of states in which almost all political power rests with the individual states - by the Articles of Confederation 1781
Articles of confederation; The compact made between the 13 original states that formed the basis for their government form 1781 until it was replaced by the constitution.
Confederacy; A league of independent states in which the central government lacks significant powers and resembles more an international organisation, such as the United Nations, than a traditional national government.
• 25th May 1787
• Delegates form all 13 states were invited
• 55 of the 74 invited turned up
• Rhode Island sent no delegates. They were fearful that the hard-won gains of the War of Independence would be lost.
• It was presided over by George Washington
• James Madison, Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton were present.
• The stated purpose of the convention was to revise the Articles of Confederation, but they decided to scrap them and write a new constitution.
• Divisions arose between small and large (Virginia had the largest population) states.
• The Virginia plan set out the wishes of the large population states.
• The New Jersey plan set out those of the small population states,
• The Connecticut Compromise (often called the 'great compromise) provided the basis of agreement.
• The new constitution was written by 55 delegates who became known as the 'Founding Fathers'.
• 17th September 1787, it was completed.
• Gave America a codified constitution; A constitution that consists of a full and authorative set of rules written down in a single text.
-'All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representative'
-Established that the congress was to be made up of two chambers
-Laid down methods of election
-Terms of office
-Their powers, Section 8; Lay and collect taxes, coin money and declare war.
-Provide for the common defense and general welfare of the US
-'Make all laws necessary and proper' (elastic clause)
'The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America'
-Methods of election
-Terms of office
-Chosen indirectly by an Electoral College