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  • human death  toll of collectivisation more than all casulties of WW1 combined
  •  trigger of collectivisation was the grain procurement crisis of 1928-9
  • state prices fell behind market prices giving the peasants no insentive to sell their produce
  • by 1929 had to introduce bread rationing and import grain (Russia's biggest export)
  • collectivisation is seen by Alex Nove as" a great turning point in russian history"
  • forced collectivisation was originally an emmergency policy until July 1929
  • collectivisation caused widespread changes in the countryside
  • NEP seen as bourgeois…


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