Child development: The family life
Types of families:
One parent family
Same sex family
A family is a group of people who live together or who are related by blood ties, marriage or adoption. A family usually consists of one or more parents and at least one child. The classic popular image of the family is of a married couple and two children. However, family structures in the UK are much more diverse than this.
The functions of a family
The modern family prefers a number of important functions for its members, they include:
· Proving physical resources ( like food, shelter, and clothing.) for the healthy growth and development of children.
· Physical and psychological protection of family members.
· The primary socialisation of children.
· To provide love and emotional support.
· Providing opportunities for learning and development.
The family has a basic task of meeting the needs of its members. The needs of each individual within a family will differ and change in response to there:
· Life stage.
· Pattern of growth and development.
· Experience of health problems, social or emotional development issues.
· Cultural background.
Types of family structure:
Nuclear family: Two heterosexual parents and dependent child(ren).
Extended family: Nuclear family plus additional relatives living together.
One parent family: Single parent and dependent child (ren).
Blended family: Two parents with dependent children from previous relationships and/or their other children.
Same sex family: Two gay or lesbian parents and dependent child(ren).
Adoptive family: any form of family with one or more adopted child.
Foster Family: Any form of family with one or more fostered children
Changes in lifestyle
I.e. getting married + having children later in life.
Reasons for change in family structures
Residential care home (children home)
Children in care
Type of care
Residential care home:
A care home managed by the local authority. Children of all ages will live together with staff.
· Short term
· Provides children a home.
· Shared facilities
· Rules and regulations to follow
This involves placing a child with a family who will provide care and support on a temporary basis
· short term
· Gives the child to experience a family
· Child can feel isolated
· Hard to see the child developing
· Child may not want to speak up
When an adult or often a couple become the parents of the children they gave not given birth to.
· Long term care
· Secure family setting
· Chance to build real relationships
· Child can gain siblings
· Fail to settle and bond with the family