development of children

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  • Created by: Alex2016
  • Created on: 11-05-16 10:37

Gross motor skills

What are my gross motor skills?

Gross motor skills are the development of the larger muscle groups such as a child's arms or their legs

How will they develop?

They will develop by completing activites such as walking, running and climbing. These will then develop further as they get older and they will become more complicated for the child to do as they get older. This is so that the child develops more as they grow older and can then focus on other areas of their development.

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fine motor skills

What are fine motor skills?

Fine motor skills are the development of the smaller muscle groups such as a child's fingers or their toes.

How will they develop?

Fine motor skills will develop through activities like threading beads and painting. Just like gross motor skills the activities that they do will get more complicated over time so that they can develop more and then focus on other areas of their development that are maybe not as strong.

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concepts

What is a concept?

Understanding of physical things that can be seen or felt.

Different concepts include:

Concepts include things like time, shape, colour, size, names of family members,  pattersns, letters, numbers, foods, temperature and mass.

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percentile charts

What is a percentile chart?

A percentile chart is done by a health visitor and they go to the hosue of the child and measure their height and their weight and other tests like this to check that the child is developing well and is in the right milestone of development for their particular age.

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sensory development

What is sensory development?

Sensory development is the development of a child's senses (smell, taste, hear, touch, sight)

How will they develop?

They will develop their sensory development through things like touching toys with different textures, by tasting different things and also through exploritary play, this can also be done by when the child is teething and they begin to put everything they see in their mouth.  

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Emotional development

What is emotional development?

Emotional development is the development that children go through where they develop all of their different emotions such as love through bonding.

How will this develop?

Emotional development will be developed through things like bonding, also when they recognise familiar faces such as their parents of family friends because they will then know that they are someone close to them and will develop feelings such as happieness or joy. They may also experience seperation anxiety when their parents leave.

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social development

What is social development?

This is where a child develops socially, they learn the norms of society and also how to make friends, share toys and take turns.

How will they develop?

Things to do with social development will be develped by children making new friends often through play or joining nursery, they will also develop their social development by playing next to children and seeing how they play with their toys.

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Physical development

What is physical development?

Physical development is the development that takes place when a child learns how to do things such as walk, run or climb. This is done because they are using all their muscles and completing physical activities to develop them.

How will they develop?

Physical development will develop by taking your child out and completing activities e.g. going to the park, this would also help to develop a child's gross motor skills and possibly fine motor skills and both of these play a massive part in the physical development of a child.

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Intellectual development

What is intellectual development?

Intellectual development is the development of a child's cognitive skills and abilities, it is all todo with the development of the brain and how they leanr how to retain information and complete basic puzzles which then help when they start their school lives.

How will this develop?

A child will develop their cognitive skills by doing basic maths skills such as adding and subtracting and also by completing other activities to do with all areas of their school work e.g. learning number and the order they go in or learning the alphabet and how to spell certain words.

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language development

What is language development?

This type of development is pretty self-explanitory, it is the development of how children learn to communicate and understand us, without this they wouldnt be able to understand or follow commands or they wouldnt be able to communicate effectively with other people.

How will this develop?

This will develop by giving the child things that will interact with them such as books, also this will develop through primary socialisation which will help the child to understand discipline and also help the child to copy what the parent is saying to them.

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social play development

what is social play?

Social play is when children play with or next to other children or adults, there are 4 types of social play and these include: parallel, co-operative, looking-on and soliatary.

Types of social play:

parallel: Younger children engage more in this type of play because they have little experience of mixing with other children of their own age.

co-operative: Older children are capable of this, they have learnt how to take turns, share and follow rules.

looking-on: The child begins to show an interest in other children. They relate and communicate with others b etter. This presents a challenge to the young child who wants to join in ane be part of a group.

solitary: Late on they will enjoy the company of other children but they still play as seperate individuals.

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primary and secondary socialisation

What is primary socialisation?

Primary socialisation happens in the home through parents, siblings and extended family members, this is done by the parents talking to the child and bringing discipline into the family by telling them when they do something wrong and punishing them and then praising them when they do something good.

What is secondary socialisation?

This is what takes place when the child joins nursery or school, this is done by friends and teachers mainly by the same principal of doing something good you praise them but doing something wrong means they get punished.

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Types of play

Solitary: This is where children play all by their self and dont really enjoy the company of other children and want to spend most of their time alone or with their parents.

Parallel: This is where the child plays alongside another child or a group of children but doesn't actually join in with them or play with them.

Joining-in: This is where the child will actually go up to and play with other children, this could invlove them sharing toys or playing the same game together. 

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Types of play

Creative: This is a form of self-expression for a child as they are able to express/put their feelings into what they are creating especially if they can't yet talk.

Imaginative: This is where a child can do things like dressing up to help develop their imagination and help to learn different social roles e.g. mums and dads.

Physical: This play is commonly done outside so they have a lot of room to run around and be active, this then develops the child's gross motor skills.

Manipulative: This could include things like play dough, this will help the child to develop their fine motor skills as they have to manipulate an object into what they want it to be. 

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Discipline

Goos behaviour: 

Goos behaviour is always rewarded as this helps to teach the child the norms of society and how to behave within the house hold and out of it. It also helps them to understand that if they do good in something then they will get rewarded and then they will want to do that again so they get rewarded again.

Bad behaviour: 

Bad behaviour is punished, this will then again help to teach the child right from wrong and help them to know the norms and values of society. This can be done by a parent by inventing things like the naughty step, getting toys taken away and treats stopped. This will teach the child not to do whatever they did again. 

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Nature and nurture

Nature: This is the characteristics we inherit from our parents e.g. if your parent carries a gene for cystic fybrosis, then you are more likely to be born with this condition. It can also be known as what our parents teach us and how they teach it.

Nurture: This is the things we learn from outside of our home, such as how to live our lives independently and what to do with our lives once we leave home or leave school. This helps teach you the norms and values as you are outside the home and with other people. 

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