This is the idea that abnormal behaviour results from our onconscious, and that they have psychological rather than physical causes.
It assumes our personality has 3 components, the id which is the pleasure principle and is present at birth, the ego which develops at the end of our first year, which is the reality principle and enables a child to accomodate demands of the environment.
And finally, the superego which which develops between 3 and 6 years, and is about morality principle, our conscience and sense of wrong and right.
We have a ego defence mechanism which balances out the id and superego, however, these may get out of proportion which leads to abnormality.
Here are three examples of ego-defence mechanisms:
- Repression: When a person prevents unacceptable thoughts and behaviours from becoming conscience, not like a guilty secret though.
- Denial: When people refuse admit they're feeling/experiencing something, e.g. anxiety
- Projection: When someones…