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DEVIATION FROM SOCIAL NORMS definition of abnormality
- We can define abnormality based on behaviour being considered undesirable by a majority of
society members. (e.g: a lack of politeness would be considered socially deviant as surliness
makes interpersonal relations difficult). - These social norms may also be moral: although
Western…

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DEVIATION FROM IDEAL MENTAL HEALTH definition of abnormality
- Jahoda (1958) proposed that as we measure physical illness in terms of the absence of
physical health, we can do the same for mental illness. To measure this, she developed a set of
criteria to measure ideal mental health. If a…

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THE BIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
This approach believes that mental disorders are caused by dysfunction in the body, j ust as
physical disorders are.
1) - Uses the diathesis-stress model to indicate that a child can inherit disorders from their
parents through genes. - Researchers test the concordance rate between…

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THE PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACH TO PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
- Freud's theory of psychoanalysis is one of the best known of the psychodynamic approach to
psychopathology. - He said that the personality was made up of three parts:
- Id = pleasure principle, demands satisfaction and is irrational. - Ego = conscious, rational part…

Page 9

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Page 10

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THE BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH TO PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
The behavioural approach to psychopathology focuses on the idea that all behaviour is learned,
in one of three ways. - Operant Conditioning: positive or negative reinforcement. E.g: reacting
badly to a spider + ensuing attention = repeated behaviour. - Classical Conditioning: association
between two events.…

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Pages in this set

Page 1

Preview of page 1

Page 2

Preview of page 2
DEVIATION FROM SOCIAL NORMS definition of abnormality
- We can define abnormality based on behaviour being considered undesirable by a majority of
society members. (e.g: a lack of politeness would be considered socially deviant as surliness
makes interpersonal relations difficult). - These social norms may also be moral: although
Western…

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Page 4

Preview of page 4
DEVIATION FROM IDEAL MENTAL HEALTH definition of abnormality
- Jahoda (1958) proposed that as we measure physical illness in terms of the absence of
physical health, we can do the same for mental illness. To measure this, she developed a set of
criteria to measure ideal mental health. If a…

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Page 6

Preview of page 6
THE BIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
This approach believes that mental disorders are caused by dysfunction in the body, j ust as
physical disorders are.
1) - Uses the diathesis-stress model to indicate that a child can inherit disorders from their
parents through genes. - Researchers test the concordance rate between…

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Page 8

Preview of page 8
THE PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACH TO PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
- Freud's theory of psychoanalysis is one of the best known of the psychodynamic approach to
psychopathology. - He said that the personality was made up of three parts:
- Id = pleasure principle, demands satisfaction and is irrational. - Ego = conscious, rational part…

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Page 10

Preview of page 10
THE BEHAVIOURAL APPROACH TO PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
The behavioural approach to psychopathology focuses on the idea that all behaviour is learned,
in one of three ways. - Operant Conditioning: positive or negative reinforcement. E.g: reacting
badly to a spider + ensuing attention = repeated behaviour. - Classical Conditioning: association
between two events.…

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No comments have yet been made